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Genetics and DNA

September 16, 2012 Leave a comment

Important Advance in Understanding Human Genome

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The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project, an international collaboration of more than 440 scientists in 32 labs in United States, the United Kingdom, Spain, Singapore and Japan, has announced the results of a five-year study of the regulation and organization of the human genome.

Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci / the ENCODE project’s logo (Stanford University / leonardodavinci.stanford.edu / ENCODE project)

The results have been published in one main integrative paper and five other papers in the journalNature, 18 papers in Genome Research, six papers in Genome Biology and a series of reviews in theJournal of Biological Chemistry.

“The ENCODE project not only generated an enormous body of data about our genome, but it also analyzed many issues to better understand how the genome functions in different types of cells. These insights from integrative analyses are really stories about how molecular machines interact with each other and work on DNA to produce the proteins and RNAs needed for each cell to function within our bodies,” said Dr Ross Hardison of Pennsylvania State University, a co-author of reviews in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry recognized that the results from the ENCODE project also would catalyze much new research from biochemists and molecular biologists around the world. Hence, the journal commissioned these articles not only to communicate the insights from the papers now being published but also to stimulate more research in the broader community,” he said.

The human genome consists of about 3 billion DNA base pairs, but only a small percentage of DNA actually codes for proteins. The roles and functions of the remaining genetic information were unclear to scientists and even referred to as ‘junk DNA.’ But the results of the ENCODE project is filling this knowledge gap. The findings revealed that more than 80 percent of the human genome is associated with biological function.

The study showed in a comprehensive way that proteins switch genes on and off regularly – and can do so at distances far from the genes they regulate – and it determined sites on chromosomes that interact, the locations where chemical modifications to DNA can influence gene expression, and how the functional forms of RNA can regulate the expression of genetic information.

The results establish the ways in which genetic information is controlled and expressed in specific cell types and distinguish particular regulatory regions that may contribute to diseases.

“The deeper knowledge of gene regulation coming from the ENCODE project will have a positive impact on medical science,” Dr Hardison said. “For example, recent genetic studies have revealed many genomic locations that can affect a person’s susceptibility to common diseases. The ENCODE data show that many of these regions are involved in gene regulation, and the data provide hypotheses for how variations in these regions can affect disease susceptibility.”

Bibliographic information: The ENCODE Project Consortium. 2012. An integrated encyclopedia of DNA elements in the human genome. Nature 489, 57–74; doi: 10.1038/nature11247

source: http://www.sci-news.com/genetics/article00569.html, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PsV_sEDSE2o

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Studies slow the human DNA clock

Revised estimates of mutation rates bring genetic accounts of human prehistory into line with archaeological data.

18 September 2012
At 500,000 years, the dating of this skull of Homo heidelbergensis clashed with previous DNA dates for Neanderthal origins.J. TRUEBA/MSF/SPL

Now archaeologists and geneticists are beginning to tell the same story, thanks to improved estimates of DNA’s mutation rate — the molecular clock that underpins genetic dating1–4. “It’s incredibly vindicating to finally have some reconciliation between genetics and archaeology,” says Jeff Rose, an archaeologist at the University of Birmingham, UK. Archaeologists and geneticists may now be able to tackle nuanced questions about human history with greater confidence in one another’s data. “They do have to agree,” says Aylwyn Scally, an evolutionary genomicist at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, UK. “There was a real story.”

The concept of a DNA clock is simple: the number of DNA letter differences between the sequences of two species indicates how much time has elapsed since their last common ancestor was alive. But for estimates to be correct, geneticists need one crucial piece of information: the pace at which DNA letters change.

Geneticists have previously estimated mutation rates by comparing the human genome with the sequences of other primates. On the basis of species-divergence dates gleaned — ironically — from fossil evidence, they concluded that in human DNA, each letter mutates once every billion years. “It’s a suspiciously round number,” says Linda Vigilant, a molecular anthropologist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany. The suspicion turned out to be justified.

In the past few years, geneticists have been able to watch the molecular clock in action, by sequencing whole genomes from dozens of families5 and comparing mutations in parents and children. These studies show that the clock ticks at perhaps half the rate of previous estimates, says Scally.

In a review published on 11 September1,Scally and his colleague Richard Durbin used the slower rates to reevaluate the timing of key splits in human evolution. “If the mutation rate is halved, then all the dates you estimate double,” says Scally. “That seems like quite a radical change.” Yet the latest molecular dates mesh much better with key archaeological dates.

Take the 400,000–600,000-year-old Sima de Los Huesos site in Atapuerca, Spain, which yielded bones attributed to Homo heidelbergensis, the direct ancestors of Neanderthals. Genetic studies have suggested that earlier ancestors of Neanderthals split from the branch leading to modern humans much more recently, just 270,000–435,000 years ago. A slowed molecular clock pushes this back to a more comfortable 600,000 years ago (see ‘Better agreement over the human story’).

SOURCE: REF. 1

A slower molecular clock could also force scientists to re-think the timing of later turning points in prehistory, including the migration of modern humans out of Africa. Genetic studies of humans around the world have suggested that the ancestors of Europeans and Asians left Africa about 60,000 years ago. That date caused many to conclude that 100,000-year-old human fossils discovered in Israel represented a dead-end migration rather than the beginning of a global exodus, says Scally. Scally’s calculations put “out of Africa” closer to 120,000 years ago, suggesting that the Israeli sites represent a launching pad for the spread of humans into Asia and Europe.

The latest genetic dates also fit with several sites in the Middle East that contain tools apparently made by modern humans but dating to around 100,000 years ago. At that time, sea levels between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula were lower than they are now, and a wetter climate would have made the peninsula lush and habitable, perhaps beckoning modern humans out of Africa. Rose, who works one such site, in Oman, says that he “has been over the moon” since reading Scally and Durbin’s paper.

The revised molecular clock may also help to settle a debate over whether humans ventured further into Asia more than 60,000 years ago, says Michael Petraglia, an archaeologist at the University of Oxford, UK, who favours an early date.

Although a slowed molecular clock may harmonize the story of human evolution, it does strange things when applied further back in time, says David Reich, an evolutionary geneticist at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts. “You can’t have it both ways.”

For instance, the slowest proposed mutation rate puts the common ancestor of humans and orang-utans at 40 million years ago, he says: more than 20 million years before dates derived from abundant fossil evidence. This very slow clock has the common ancestor of monkeys and humans co-existing with the last dinosaurs. “It gets very complicated,” deadpans Reich.

Some researchers, including Scally, have proposed that the mutation rate may have slowed over the past 15 million years, thereby accounting for such discrepancies. Fossil evidence suggests that ancestral apes were smaller than living ones, and small animals tend to reproduce more quickly, speeding the mutation rate.

Little concrete evidence supports this idea, says Reich. He agrees that the molecular clock must be slower than was thought, but says that the question is how slow. “My strong view right now is that the true value of the human mutation rate is an open question.”

(20 September 2012)

 doi:10.1038/489343a

References

  1. Scally, A. & Durbin, R. Nature Rev. Genet. 13, 745–753 (2012).

    Show context

  2. Langergraber, K. E. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USAhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1211740109 (2012).Show context
  3. Hawks, J. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1212718109 (2012).Show context
  4. Sun, J. X. et al. Nature Genet. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.2398 (2012).Show context
  5. Kong, A. et al. Nature 488, 471–475 (2012).

    Show context source: http://www.nature.com/news/studies-slow-the-human-dna-clock-1.11431

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    World’s First Genetically Modified Babies ‘Created’ in US

    World’s First Genetically Modified Babies ‘Created’ in US

    In a developing story, the Daily Mail is now reporting that the very first (admitted) group of genetically modified babies have been ‘created’ in the United States. The scientists involved reportedly announced the result on the night of June 27th, stating that 30 babies were born using genetic modification techniques. Furthermore, 2 of the babies tested were found to contain genes from a total of 3 different parents. The experiment also lasted over 3 years or more according to the researchers, which may be one of many.

    The ‘GM babies’ were born into women who had trouble conceiving their own children. In order to ‘birth’ the babies, extra genes from a female donor were inserted into the women’s eggs before they were fertilized. After conception, scientists fingerprinted 2 of the one-year-old children and confirmed that they inherited DNA from 3 adults — one man and 2 women. What this means is that due to inheriting these extra genes through the genetic modification process, they will now be able to pass them along to their offspring. In other words, these genetically modified babies — if allowed to mate with non-GM humans — could potentially alter the very genetic coding of generations to come.

    Genetecists state that this genetic modification method may one day be used to create babies “with extra, desired characteristics such as strength or high intelligence.”

    The news comes after it was previously reported by British scientists that scientists were creating human-animal ‘monsters’. Such reports highlight the fact that rampant genetic experimentation is already taking place on many humans around the world, which has led a large number of scientists to call for new rules regarding the outlandish practice. Chinese scientists have already admittedly inserted human stem cells into goat fetuses, and United States researchers have actively researched the concept of engineering a mouse with human brain cells.

    Many experts are now speaking out against the announcement, including leading fertility experts and major organizations. John Smeaton, national director of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, said:

    “It is a further and very worrying step down the wrong road for humanity”

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Genes thought to affect IQ might not

Oct. 2, 2012
Courtesy of
the Association for Psychological Science
and World Science staff

Most of the genes long thought to be linked to in­tel­li­gence, simply aren’t, a new study has con­cluded.

“We are not say­ing the peo­ple who did ear­li­er re­search in this ar­ea were fool­ish,” said Chris­to­pher Chabris, a psy­cho­log­i­cal sci­ent­ist at Un­ion Col­lege in New York who co-led the stu­dy. “They were us­ing the best tech­nol­o­gy and in­form­ati­on they had avail­able.”

Nor do Chabris and his col­leagues de­ny that in­tel­li­gence is he­red­i­tary and ge­net­ic. But they say it now turns out that this in­tan­gi­ble qual­ity is probably too com­plex to sum up in a few genes. It may be some time be­fore re­search­ers can iden­ti­fy in­tel­li­gence’s spe­cif­ic ge­net­ic roots, say the re­search­ers, whose find­ings are pub­lished on­line in the re­search jour­nal Psy­cho­log­i­cal Sci­ence.

Chabris and Da­vid Laib­son, a Har­vard econ­o­mist, led an in­tern­ati­onal team of re­search­ers that an­a­lyzed a doz­en genes us­ing large da­ta sets that in­clud­ed both in­tel­li­gence test­ing and ge­net­ic da­ta. In nearly eve­ry case, the re­search­ers found that in­tel­li­gence could not be linked to the spe­cif­ic genes tested.

“We only found one gene that ap­peared to be as­so­ci­at­ed with in­tel­li­gence, and it was a very small ef­fect. This does not mean in­tel­li­gence does not have a ge­net­ic com­po­nent. It means it’s a lot harder to find the par­tic­u­lar genes, or the par­tic­u­lar ge­net­ic vari­ants, that in­flu­ence the dif­fer­ences in in­tel­li­gence,” said Chabris.

It had long been be­lieved, on the ba­sis of stud­ies of iden­ti­cal and fra­ter­nal twins, that in­tel­li­gence was a her­it­a­ble trait. The new re­search af­firms that conclusi­on. But old­er stud­ies that pick­ed out spe­cif­ic genes had flaws, Chabris said, pri­marily be­cause of tech­no­log­i­cal lim­its that pre­vented re­search­ers from prob­ing more than a few loc­ati­ons in the hu­man ge­nome to find genes that af­fect­ed in­tel­li­gence.

Al­so, “at the time, it was be­lieved that in­di­vid­ual genes would have a much larg­er ef­fect — they were ex­pect­ing to find genes that might each ac­count for sev­er­al IQ points,” Chabris ex­plained. IQ is a wide­spread meas­ure of in­tel­li­gence in which av­er­age in­tel­li­gence is scored as 100, while high­er or low­er in­tel­li­gence are scored high­er or low­er. The score is meant to mea­sure a per­son’s in­tel­li­gence as com­pared to the av­er­age for their age group, as a per­cent­age.

Chabris said additi­onal re­search is needed to de­ter­mine the ex­act role genes play in in­tel­li­gence.

“As is the case with oth­er traits, like height, there are probably thou­sands of genes and their vari­ants that are as­so­ci­at­ed with in­tel­li­gence,” he said. “And there may be oth­er ge­net­ic ef­fects be­yond the sin­gle gene ef­fects. There could be interacti­ons among genes, or interacti­ons be­tween genes and the en­vi­ron­ment. Our re­sults show that the way re­search­ers have been look­ing for genes that may be re­lat­ed to in­tel­li­gence — the ‘can­di­date gene’ meth­od — is fairly likely to re­sult in false pos­i­tives, so oth­er meth­ods should be used.”

source: http://www.world-science.net/othernews/121002_intelligence.htm

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DNA molecules can ‘teleport’, Nobel Prize winner claims

Experiment spots spooky quantum imprinting effect

A Nobel Prize winning biologist has ignited controversy after publishing details of an experiment in which a fragment of DNA appeared to ‘teleport’ or imprint itself between test tubes.

According to a team headed by Luc Montagnier, previously known for his work on HIV and AIDS, two test tubes, one of which contained a tiny piece of bacterial DNA, the other pure water, were surrounded by a weak electromagnetic field of 7Hz.

Eighteen hours later, after DNA amplification using a polymerase chain reaction, as if by magic the DNA was detectable in the test tube containing pure water.

Oddly, the original DNA sample had to be diluted many times over for the experiment to work, which might explain why the phenomenon has not been detected before, assuming that this is what has happened.

The phenomenon might be very loosely described as ‘teleportation’ except that the bases project or imprint themselves across space rather than simply moving from one place to another.

To be on the safe side, Montagnier then compared the results with controls in which the time limit was lowered, no electromagnetic field was present or was present but at lower frequencies, and in which both tubes contained pure water. On every one of these, he drew a blank.

The possible quantum effect – the apparent imprinting of the DNA on the water – is not in itself the most contentious element of the experiment, so much as the relatively long timescales over which it appears to manifest itself. Quantum phenomena are assumed to show their faces in imperceptible fractions of a second and not seconds minutes and hours, and usually at very low temperatures approaching absolute zero.

Revealing a process through which biology might display the underlying ‘quantumness’ of nature at room temperature would be startling.

Montagnier’s experiment will have to be repeated by others to have any hope of being taken seriously. So far, some scientists have been publically incredulous.

“It is hard to understand how the information can be stored within water over a timescale longer than picoseconds,” said the Ruhr University in Bochum’s Klaus Gerwert, quoted by New Scientist magazine, which broke the story (requires registration).

What does all of this mean? It could be that the propagation of life is able to make use of the quantum nature of reality to project itself in subtle ways, as has been hinted at in previous experiments. Alternatively, it could be that life itself is a complex projection of these quantum phenomena and utterly depends on them in ways not yet understood because they are incredibly hard to detect.

Speculatively, (and Montagnier doesn’t directly suggest anything so unsubstantiated), it could also be the little-understood quantum properties of the water molecule and not just its more obvious chemical bonding properties that gives it such a central role in the bio-engineering of life-forms. Water might be a good medium in which DNA can copy itself using processes that hint at quantum entanglement and ‘teleportation’ (our term).

Montagnier’s paper goes on to discuss the phenomenon he claims to have uncovered using ‘quantum field theory’ within the context of his personal interest, disease propagation.

source: http://news.techworld.com/personal-tech/3256631/dna-molecules-can-teleport-nobel-prize-winner-claims/

Dr. Rupert Sheldrake-The Science Delusion

September 16, 2012 2 comments


The Newest book by Rupert Sheldrake, Ph.D.

E.I.R.S. has teamed up with Dr. Rupert Sheldrake in our efforts of understanding the elements of consciousness in science today. Please take a moment to view this section in which through words, books, and videos he explains what the years of work and academic research has led him to understand in the science of consciousness and why he calls it “The Science Delusion“.


Rupert Sheldrake is a biologist and author of more than 80 scientific papers and ten books. A former Research Fellow of the Royal Society, he studied natural sciences at Cambridge University, where he was a Scholar of Clare College, took a double first class honours degree and was awarded the University Botany Prize. He then studied philosophy and history of science at Harvard University, where he was a Frank Knox Fellow, before returning to Cambridge, where he took a Ph.D. in biochemistry. He was a Fellow of Clare College, Cambridge, where he was Director of Studies in biochemistry and cell biology. As the Rosenheim Research Fellow of the Royal Society, he carried out research on the development of plants and the ageing of cells in the Department of Biochemistry at Cambridge University.

From 2005-2010 he was the Director of the Perrott-Warrick Project, funded from Trinity College,Cambridge. He is also a Fellow of the Institute of Noetic Sciences, near San Francisco, and a Visiting Professor and Academic Director of the Holistic Thinking Program at the Graduate Institute in Connecticut.
He lives in London with his wife Jill Purce www.healingvoice.com and two sons.

He has appeared in many TV programs in Britain and overseas, and was one of the participants (along with Stephen Jay Gould, Daniel Dennett, Oliver Sacks, Freeman Dyson and Stephen Toulmin) in a TV series called A Glorious Accident, shown on PBS channels throughout the US. He has often taken part in BBC and other radio programmes. He has written for newspapers such as theGuardian, where he had a regular monthly column, The Times, Sunday Telegraph, Daily Mirror, Daily Mail, Sunday Times, Times Educational Supplement, Times Higher Education Supplement and Times Literary Supplement, and has contributed to a variety of magazines, including New Scientist, Resurgence, the Ecologist and the Spectator.

Morphic Fields and Cosmic Consciousness

Buy US Books   ¦   Buy British Books   ¦   Buy Books in Other Languages

Buy Video Tapes 

Buy Audio Tapes 

If you would like to learn more… Rupert’s Autobiography

The Santa Fe incident, April 2nd 2008 News Links

The Extended Mind: Recent Experimental Evidence

The Afterlife Investigations 1 – Rupert Sheldrake, PhD

Rupert Sheldrake invites you to participate in his ongoing research. No previous experience is necessary, and the online tests can be done immediately. Most of these experiments are suitable for use in schools and colleges, and some make an excellent basis for student projects.

Online Tests

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Audio Anticipation test 
Can you feel which of 4 audio samples you are about to hear? Try this new test, which takes less than 6 minutes, and is fun to do.

The Telephone Telepathy Test A telephone telepathy test that works on mobile phones. Two people you know well serve as your contacts. There are two versions of the test, one for the UK and the other for North America.
DETAILS… Click HERE

NEW
In this test you and one other person see a series of pictures for 20 seconds each, and at the same time hear some music. Depending on a randomizer, in some trials your partner is shown the same picture and hears the same music as you; in others, you see a different picture and hear different music. At the end of each 20-second period both of you guess whether the other person has been looking at the same picture or not. This test takes about 5 minutes.

  The Photo Telepathy Test

Can you feel when someone is looking at your photo and thinking about you? Try this test to find out. You need one or two other people, preferably people you know well. The test takes less than 5 minutes. You will need to upload a digital photograph when registering.

  The Online Staring Test
This new experiment enables you to participate online in research on the Extended Mind. The results of your experiment are transmitted automatically to be recorded in the database. This test takes about 4 minutes.All you need is a co-researcher and you can start straightaway!

Related Links

Scientific Research Overview 
Results of Experiments
Appeals for Information
Relevant Papers

Rupert Sheldrake Lecture: The Science Delusion from Rupert Sheldrake on Vimeo.

Researching Telepathic and Psychic Phenomena

All of the information here has been pulled either off of Youtube, or his website which is http://www.sheldrake.org where there is much more in depth information about himself and his research. I suggest everyone at least check out his website and pick up his latest book “Science Set Free” (US) or “The Science Delusion” (UK) where he compiles all his years of knowledge and research. Well worth it!

Here is a list of books by Dr. Rupert Sheldrake:

Books USA & Canada

US Books from Amazon
To buy books in… UK and Ireland 

book cover
Dogs That Know When Their Owners Are Coming Home
And Other Unexplained Powers of Animals: An Investigation 

By Rupert Sheldrake

New Edition Barnes & Noble announce a new edition of Dogs That Know When Their Owners Are Coming Home, You can order now by clicking on the link below:
Order New Edition from Barnes & Noble

Many people who have ever owned a pet will swear that their dog or cat or other animal has exhibited some kind of behavior they just can’t explain. How does a dog know when its owner is returning home at an unexpected time?
Filled with captivating stories and thought-provoking analysis, Dogs That Know When Their Owners Are Coming Home is a groundbreaking exploration of animal behavior that will profoundly change the way we think about animals, and ourselves. After five years of extensive research involving thousands of people who own and work with animals, Sheldrake conclusively proves what many pet owners already know – that there is a strong connection between humans and animals that lies beyond present-day scientific understanding.

book cover
Morphic Resonance 
By Rupert Sheldrake

Rupert’s book A New Science of Life was re-published in America in October 2009 in a completely revised new edition, with an update on research on morphic resonance. Conventional scientific theories cannot explain certain phenomena. For instance, when laboratory rats have learned a new maze, rats elsewhere seem to learn it more easily. Rupert Sheldrake describes this process as morphic resonance, in which the forms and behaviours of the past shape living organisms in the present.
Challenging the fundamental assumptions of modern science, this ground-breaking radical hypothesis suggests that nature itself has memory. The question of morphogenesis – how things take their shape – remains one of the great mysteries of science. What makes a rabbit rabbit-shaped? How do newts regenerate limbs? Why are molecules shaped the way they are? Why do societies arrange themselves in certain predictable patterns?
According to Sheldrake’s hypothesis of formative causation, these questions remain unanswered in part because convention is hobbled by the reductionist assumption that finding the answers to such questions is largely a matter of figuring out the machinery of nature, of getting to the bottom of an ultimately mechanical universe. But Sheldrake suggests that nature is not a machine and that each kind of system – from crystals to birds to societies – is shaped not by universal laws that embrace and direct all systems but by a unique “morphic field” containing a collective or pooled memory. So organisms not only share genetic material with others of their species, but are also shaped by a “field” specific to that species.
Order Morphic Resonance

book cover
Sheldrake and his Critics: The sense of being glared at. 
by Rupert Sheldrake and Anthony Freeman (Editor)

A special edition of the Journal of Consciousness Studies (JCS Vol 12 No. 6, 2005) in paperback format
In 1981 Rupert Sheldrake outraged the scientific establishment with his hypothesis of morphic resonance. Subsequently he devoted his research to pioneering science, winning popular acclaim and continued establishment approbium with a series of ground-breaking works. In this special edition of JCS Rupert summarises his case for the ‘non-visual detection of staring’. His claims are scrutinised by fourteen critics, to whom Rupert then responds.
Order Sheldrake and his Critics

book cover The Evolutionary Mind
Conversations on Science, Imagination & Spirit
by Rupert Sheldrake, Terence McKenna & Ralph Abraham
Published by Monkfish Book Publishing Company

A jam-session of the mind, an intellectual movable feast…… Stimulating and often startling discussions between three friends, all highly original thinkers: Rupert Sheldrake, controversial biologist, Terence McKenna, psychedelic visionary, and Ralph Abraham, chaos mathematician. Breaking out of paradigms that retard our evolution and exploring new possibilities, they venture where few have gone before taking their readers on an exciting journey of discovery.
Order the Paperback editionThe Evolutionary Mind 

Book Review…The Evolutionary Mind

book cover The Sense of Being Stared At
by Rupert Sheldrake

In his latest book, biologist Rupert Sheldrake explores the intricacies of the mind and discovers that our perceptive abilities are stronger than many of us could have imagined. Most of us know it well – the almost physical sensation that we are the object of someone’s attention. Is the feeling all in our head? And what about related phenomena, such as telepathy and premonitions? Are they merely subjective beliefs? Basing his conclusions on years of intense research, Sheldrake argues persuasively in this compelling, innovative book that such phenomena are real.
Order the Paperback editionThe Sense of Being Stared At 

Book Review…The Sense of Being Stared At


>book cover
Seven Experiments That Could Change the World:
A Do-It-Yourself Guide to Revolutionary Science

by Rupert Sheldrake

Rupert Sheldrake’s groundbreaking book examines unexplained natural phenomena and suggests explanations that push the boundaries of science. How does your pet know when you are coming home? How do pigeons home? Can people really feel a “phantom” amputated arm? These questions and more form the basis of Sheldrake’s look at the world of contemporary science as he puts some of the most cherished assumptions of established science to the test. New edition with results update.
Order Seven Experiments that Could Change the World

amazon book logo
A Glorious Accident:
Understanding Our Place in the Cosmic Puzzle

by Wim Kayzer

“Through no fault of our own, and by dint of no cosmic plan or conscious purpose, we have become, by the power of a glorious evolutionary accident called intelligence, the stewards of life’s continuity on earth. We did not ask for this role, but we cannot abjure it. We may not be suited to such responsibility, but here we are.” – Stephen Jay Gould, The Flamingo’s Smile.
At the close of the 20th century, what do we know about why we are here, on this planet, in this universe? To address this and other big questions, journalist Wim Kayzer invited a diverse cast of six of today’s great scientific thinkers to discuss, debate, and argue their points. The result was the acclaimed public television series, A Glorious Accident, now edited and available in paperback.
Order A Glorious Accident

amazon book logo Chaos, Creativity and Cosmic Consciousness
Ralph Abraham, Terence McKenna and Rupert Sheldrake
(First published as Trialogues at the Edge of the West)

Explore the relationships between chaos, creativity, and imagination, and their connection to the soul of the world. Join Ralph Abraham, mathematician and leader in the new science of chaos, Terence McKenna, shamanologist and ethno-pharmcologist, and Rupert Sheldrake, acclaimed biologist and originator of the theory of morphogenetic fields, as they “trialogue” on such questions as: How can chaos contribute to our lives? Is Armageddon a self-fulfilling prophecy? How can scientists and mystics share the same planet?
Chaos, Creativity and Cosmic Consciousness challenges us to the deepest levels of thought as it calls into question our current views of reality, morality, and the nature of life in the universe.
Order Chaos, Creativity and Cosmic Consciousness

amazon book logo<
Natural Grace:
Dialogues on Creation, Darkness, and the Soul in Spirituality and Science 

By Rupert Sheldrake and Matthew Fox

The chasm between science and religion has been a source of intellectual and spiritual tension for centuries, but in these ground breaking dialogues there is a remarkable consonance between these once opposing camps. In Natural Grace, Rupert Sheldrake and Matthew Fox show that not only is the synthesis of science and spirituality possible, but it is unavoidable when one considers the extraordinary insights they have both come upon in their work. Sheldrake, who has changed the face of modern science with his revolutionary theory of morphic resonance, and Fox, whose work in creation spirituality has had a significant impact on people’s sense of spirit, balance each other with their unique yet highly complementary points of view. In these inspired dialogues a variety of ancient topics – including ritual, prayer, and the soul – are freed from the past and given new power for the future in the liberated universe Fox and Sheldrake show us.
Order Natural Grace

amazon book logo A New Science of Life:
The Hypothesis of Morphic Resonance

By Rupert Sheldrake

Why do many phenomena defy the explanations of conventional biology and physics? For instance, when laboratory rats in one place have learned how to navigate a new maze, why do rats elsewhere in the world seem to learn it more easily? Rupert Sheldrake describes this process as morphic resonance: the past forms and behaviors of organisms, he argues, influence organisms in the present through direct connections across time and space. Calling into question many of our fundamental concepts about life and consciousness, Sheldrake reinterprets the regularities of nature as being more like habits than immutable laws.
Order A New Science of Life

Micro-Gravity Using Sound Waves

September 16, 2012 Leave a comment

Acoustic Levitation Video Shows Liquid Droplets Floating On Sound Waves In Midair

Acoustic Levitation

Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a way to use sound waves to levitate individual droplets of solutions.

From Argonne Labs comes this intriguing video demonstrating the acoustic levitation of liquids on a piece of equipment developed for NASA to simulate microgravity conditions.

The acoustic levitator uses two small speakers to generate sound waves at frequencies slightly above the audible range – roughly 22 kilohertz. When the top and bottom speakers are precisely aligned, they create two sets of sound waves that perfectly interfere with each other, setting up a phenomenon known as a standing wave.

At certain points along a standing wave, known as nodes, there is no net transfer of energy at all. Because the acoustic pressure from the sound waves is sufficient to cancel the effect of gravity, light objects are able to levitate when placed at the nodes. These drops of solution remain suspended for a long period of time, thanks to the vibrational force of sound waves that keep them stationary in an air column. (Photo by Dan Harris)

To learn more how it might be used to develop pharmaceuticals, read more at Argonne’s website.

Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris)

Argonne National Laboratory seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation’s first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific research in virtually every scientific discipline. Argonne researchers work closely with researchers from hundreds of companies, universities, and federal, state and municipal agencies to help them solve their specific problems, advance America’s scientific leadership and prepare the nation for a better future. With employees from more than 60 nations, Argonne is managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy‘sOffice of Science.

DOE’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.  For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Sources: http://www.anl.gov/articles/no-magic-show-real-world-levitation-inspire-better-pharmaceuticals

Jason Verbelli and Searl Technology

September 16, 2012 Leave a comment

Society member Jason Verbelli and Earths International would like to tell you about Searl Technology, but first E.I.R.S. would like to tell you a little bit about Jason Verbelli.

Jason Verbelli is a dynamic force behind the movement to provide mankind with Free energy. He has a passionate and informed perspective on this most fascinating and timely issue of crossing over from our dependency on non-sustainable forms of power into a whole new era of overunity power. Jason is a researcher in magnetism and a physics enthusiast.

You can find some amazing information on him and his work here:

http://www.scribd.com/TheRealVerbz and here: http://www.scribd.com/collections/2573180/Jason-Verbelli-s-Work

You can also check out His youtubes out here:

http://www.YouTube.com/user/TheRealVerbz and here: http://www.YouTube.com/user/TheRealVerbz2

Jason is part of the Searl Team and the work and research of all involved in this section will be updated soon!

Learn why the SEG is the global energy solution and the future paradigm shift.

Professor John R. R. Searl is the founder

of the Searl Effect Technology and the inventor of the Searl Effect Generator (SEG).

With our World in the midst of an emerging energy crisis along with massive and constant environmental damage from forest destruction to ever-increasing greenhouse gas emissions

of epic and catastrophic proportions,

Prof. John Searl offers a global solution that can harness economically clean, sustainable and unlimited renewable energy.

Read: http://independent.academia.edu/EarthsInternationalResearchSociety/Papers/1947773/HARMONY_A_CALL_TO_REVOLUTION

The Searl Effect

An SEG video animation of the innermost set of parts assembling.

The Searl Effect was discovered by John Roy Robert Searl in 1946.

Put simply, it is a method of extracting clean and sustainable electrical energy.

The SEG consists of three fixed stator rings that are uniquely magnetized with patterns setup to generate continual motion of similarly magnetized cylindrical rotors. The magnetic rotors or rollers consist of eight segmented components made of the same four layers of concentric materials that make up the stators. The rollers have both freedom of spin and rotation around the stator which generates both mechanical and electrical power.

The SEG is an ‘open system’ of energy conversion that is in accordance known thermodynamic laws; particularly as it may apply at the quantum level. The open energy cycle of the SEG enables it to function both as a prime mover of mechanical rotors, but more so as an electrical generator that continuously interacts and processes energy from the natural environment.

Incidental effects includes a halo of negative air ionization or plasma, vacuum by extreme electrical charge, cooling temperatures of both device and the local environment; also gravitational and inertial anomalies under specific conditions.

The Searl Effect is based on magnetic waveforms that generates a continual motion of magnetized rollers around magnetized rings.

Energy conversion while operating involves processing of random quantum fluctuations and kinetic energy within the atomic lattice into coherent currents of electron pairs formed between two-dimensional boundaries of different type materials. Therein between surface boundaries, the Quantum Hall Effect of a strong pulsing magnetic field are electron transformations (compression) that dramatically decreases the device temperature with increasing mean free paths (conductivity) due to the increase in fermion pair formations or bosons tunneling through all of the concentric material layers of the Searl Effect Generator.

Energy out of the environment is typically chaotic but pervasive at the quantum level and we all feel it in part as ambient temperatures, but this is just one source of ambient energy within the electromagnetic spectrum that is in a random state and is readily utilized by the SEG. It is in effect an unbiased solid state magnetic diode that can effectively turn ambient energy into asymmetrical electron motion out of randomness into a uniform state or non-random state of coherent currents, consisting of high velocity tunneling electrons pairs with photon like characteristics.

Searl Technology effectively utilizes quantum kinetic energy which involves the electron’s inherent ability to absorb and emit energy at the quantum level with an energy cycle that can could compared and explained in layman terms to the hydroelectric dam in principle since both are driven directly or indirectly by entropy of the sun’s radiant energy. A dam builds up potential and kinetic energy by way of cloud condensation that forms rain and fills reservoirs, but does so only after it has achieved a higher energy level by way of evaporation from ground levels. Whereas the SEG utilizes its layer of neodymium as a reservoir of electrons, Teflon layer is analogous to the dam itself, Magnetic layer as the power plant that makes useful work out of the currents and finally the copper layer that compares well to the water outlets that can be seen to jet out at the bottom of the dam; similarly the SEG ram-jets electrons out to the atmosphere. At this point, energy levels of the water jets or in the case of electrons, are kinetically reduced existing the system, but be mindful that these discharges go back to the environment to recharge. Therein, ambient energy restores their energy levels up by way of evaporation of water or as with the SEG, the uniform emission of electrons to the outside air exposes them to atmosphere’s ambient sources of energy or temperature which raises the electron’s quantum energy levels back up to natural ambient levels. Thereafter, the external sources of electrons are attracted back to the relatively positive potential of the electron depleted neodymium layer (reservoir) where the energy cycle continuously repeats. It is a process that effectively strips kinetic energy out the of electrons before they are emitted; no different in principle from the energy cycle of the hydroelectric dam where the kinetics of the water flow are harnessed. In this manner, both ways gather ambient sources of energy that can be processed and made useful for electrical applications.

The idea of utilizing unlimited sources of energy is the subject of various devices and experiments, most of which prove the existence of energy at the quantum level but not a method of creating a coherent and uniform flow of energy to produce useful electrical power. In contrast, John Searl discovered that in order to create a steady and stable flow, all the masses of the device (and the stimulating frequencies) must conform to precise values which are determined by a matrix of coherent numbers he calls the “Law of the Squares”. The SEG’s ability harness the electron’s kinetic energy itself is a unique achievement that represents a new technology working with the highest quality of energy that nature has to offer and it is clean, non-destructive, unlimited and all-pervading.

This all describes a constant source of energy that can be made to flow when the correctly proportioned masses concerned are stimulated by suitable magnetic field frequencies along with the appropriate generator design. The SEG is such a device, precisely constructed to these principles, enabling it to produce stable and useful electrical power that is scalable in size for output requirement.

The size of an SEG can range from the smallest design of about one meter in diameter of 15 kilowatt capacity (which is suitable for most households) to well over a megawatt. They can be setup in tandem to make up a power plant to supply the electrical needs of an entire city.

The Searl Technology has all the hallmarks of a world-class solution for today’s energy needs and it is expected to be the dominant form of energy production of the future.

SEG Progress Update

14May2012

Adding SMI research capabillites is an essential measuring microscope complete with digital imaging. Brad Lockerman visits to document current SEG redevelopment progress this video update clip, click on the picture or at: http://www.youtube.com/watch_popup?v=eLzQxtpRaZU&vq=medium

source: http://searlsolution.com

Jason Verbelli visits Searl Magnetics Headquarters

Dr. Robert Schoch and Alternative Human History

September 16, 2012 1 comment

 

E.I.R.S. has teamed up with Geologist and University Professor Dr. Robert Schoch in our research efforts of Alternative World History. Our true human history is slowly coming to discovery through the extensive researches of geologists and geophysicists like Robert Schoch. Evidence points to civilizations existing thousands of years beyond what our school books say they do. Here, together with E.I.R.S., Dr. Schoch explains a very important message we both would like to share about what his 20+ years of research has discovered and why it is so important for us to know today.

Göbekli Tepe in Turkey, Its Connection to the Great Sphinx of Egypt, and the End of the Last Ice Age: A Warning for Us Today

Twenty years ago, based on his geological analyses, Dr. Robert Schoch concluded that the oldest portion of the Great Sphinx of Egypt dates back thousands of years earlier than the traditional archaeological attribution of circa 2500 BCE. Egyptologists were outraged, saying such an early date was impossible because there was no evidence of sophisticated culture prior to circa 3500 BCE.

Now there is new and dramatic evidence that supports Dr. Schoch’s original thesis; found in Turkey, it is a site known as Göbekli Tepe. Constructed of magnificently carved 10- to 15-ton stone pillars that are astronomically oriented, the site shows incredible sophistication yet dates back to nearly 10,000 BCE, overturning all our assumptions about the origins of civilization. Furthermore, the site was intentionally buried circa 8,000 BCE, but why? Dr. Schoch’s new theory involves both meteoritic bombardments and plasma outbursts from the Sun, which brought the last ice age to an abrupt end during Göbekli Tepe times. Such events could occur again; we may be overdue.

Dr. Robert Schoch, a full-time faculty member at the College of General Studies at Boston University since 1984, earned his Ph.D. in Geology and Geophysics at Yale University. Dr. Schoch has been quoted extensively in the media for his pioneering research on ancient cultures and monuments in such diverse countries as Egypt, Turkey, Bosnia, Romania, Wales, Scotland, Mexico, Peru, Chile (Easter Island), and Japan. Dr. Schoch’s work has been instrumental in spurring renewed attention to the interrelationships between geological and astronomical phenomena, natural catastrophes, and the early history of civilization. Dr. Schoch has appeared on many radio and television shows and is featured in the Emmy-winning documentary The Mystery of the Sphinx which first aired on NBC. He is the author and coauthor of several books, both technical and popular, including Voyages of the Pyramid Builders, Pyramid Quest, and the university textbook Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions.

Article Source: http://www.boldtalks.com/en/speaker/speakers/dr-robert-schoch.html

Below is an explanation of the role that our sun played in the changing of our last ice age by Dr. Robert Schoch taken off of his official website www.robertschoch.com.

Plasma, Solar Outbursts, and the End of the Last Ice Age

15,000 to 11,000 years ago Earth experienced a series of climatic fluctuations. It had been extremely cold, with continental glaciers extending much further than they do today, but the climate started to warm. However, temperatures suddenly reverted back and there was a short cold spell, known as the Younger Dryas, before the final warming and the official end of the last ice age.

heinrich harder rendering of ice age and mastodon

Based on Greenland ice core data, the Younger Dryas began and ended very abruptly. Its start dates to 10,900 B.C., and its ending (the final warming) began circa 9700 B.C. and may have occurred within an incredible three years; given our inability to resolve the finest details of something that happened so long ago, it may have literally happened overnight.

image of solar flare

How do we explain this pattern of abrupt climatic shifts? I once hypothesized that comets were responsible. A comet hitting the land or a shallow ocean, or exploding above the land’s surface, scattering dust and debris into the atmosphere, would cause global cooling. Although the initial strike would happen in a flash, it would take some years for the cooling to reach its full extent. This pattern fits well with the cooling at 10,900 B.C. and there is evidence of a cometary explosion over North America at this time.

picture of a modern sprite

What about the warming event of circa 9700 B.C.? In years past I speculated that comets hitting deep oceans were responsible. A comet might break the thin oceanic crust, releasing heat from the hot magma beneath. Vaporized and displaced water would rain down on Earth, and tsunamis would wash across coastal areas, warming the planet. But even with a comet, or a series of comets, bombarding the oceans, could the warming happen as quickly as the Greenland ice cores indicate? I think not. But if not comets, what?

picture of rongorongotablet and detail

Oddly, the indigenous Easter Island rongorongo script may hold the answer. But first we have to consider the concept of the fourth state of matter–plasma. Plasma consists of electrically charged particles. Familiar plasma phenomena on Earth today include lightning and auroras, the northern and southern lights, and upper atmospheric phenomena known as sprites. In the past, much more powerful plasma events sometimes took place, due to solar outbursts and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) from the Sun, or possibly emissions from other celestial objects. Powerful plasma phenomena could cause strong electrical discharges to hit Earth, burning and incinerating materials on our planet’s surface. Los Alamos plasma physicist Dr. Anthony L. Peratt and his associates have established that petroglyphs found worldwide record an intense plasma event (or events) in prehistory.

illustration of peratt plasma studies and petroglyphs in comparison to the rongorongo shapes

Plasma and petroglyph illustrations courtesy of Dr. Anthony L. Peratt, used with permission. Source: Anthony L. Peratt, “Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity”, IEEE [Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers] Transactions on Plasma Science, December 2003, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1192-1214.

Dr. Peratt determined that powerful plasma phenomena observed in the skies would take on characteristic shapes resembling humanoid figures, humans with bird heads, sets of rings or donut shapes, and writhing snakes or serpents–shapes reflected in countless ancient petroglyphs. The Easter Island rongorongo script, recorded on antique wooden tablets, is composed of similar shapes as the petroglyphs. Studying them in detail (inspired by my wife, Catherine Ulissey, who first noticed the connection), I concluded that the Easter Island rongorongo tablets (the surviving tablets are copies of copies of copies . . . .) record a major plasma event in the skies thousands of years ago. This, I believe, was the event that brought a final close to the last ice age.

illustration of peratt plasma studies and petroglyphs in comparison to the rongorongo shapes

Plasma hitting the surface of Earth could heat and fuse rock, incinerate flammable materials, melt ice caps, vaporize shallow bodies of water creating an extended deluge of rain, and send the climate into a warming spell. The release of pressure that follows the melting of thousands-of-meters-thick ice sheets can induce earthquakes and even cause hot rock under pressure to melt and erupt to the surface as volcanoes. The world was in chaos, and this is the event recorded by petroglyphs and the rongorongo texts.

illustration of peratt plasma studies and petroglyphs in comparison to the rongorongo shapes

The plasma event of 9700 B.C. eradicated advanced civilizations and high cultures of the time, and the radiation emanating from the plasma may have affected mental and psychical abilities. This could be the basis for the nearly universal myth of a Golden Age, a time when beings on Earth had mental abilities far surpassing those of later times. The 9700 B.C. event may be the original basis for the Atlantis legends; the timeframe fits well with Plato’s account.

picture of the rongorongo shapes in comparison to the nazca formations

Rongorongo glyphs and Easter Island petroglyph (lower line) in comparison to the Nazca geoglyphs (upper line).

Plasma and electrical discharges hitting the surface of Earth may have been responsible for the vitrification (melting into crude glass) of ancient stone structures seen in some parts of the world, such as various hill forts in Scotland (to the right are some photos showing vitrification at an ancient Scottish hill fort, along with the ground plan of such a fort–the vitrification is shown by the dark shading). People cowered for their lives; they sought shelter in caves, under cliffs, in dwellings built of thick stone or carved into mountainsides. Perhaps Göbekli Tepe was intentionally buried in an attempt to protect it from on-going plasma events, as I suggest in my new book. Humankind was thrown into a dark age for thousands of years, only to reemerge (amidst megalithic monuments belonging to a much earlier period) with scattered memories and nascent abilities.

picture of vitrified rock from the mote of mark

- – – – -

picture of vitrified fort carradale scotland

Since February 2010 — I have been publicly speaking and writing about the theories presented on this page. I have a new book covering these issues and much more, Forgotten Civilization: The Role of Solar Outbursts in Our Past and Future, available for pre-order from Amazon.com. In the meantime, if you find these ideas interesting, you might want to take a look at three articles I wrote for the Australian magazine New Dawn. (The links below are to PDFs of each article.) They are titled:

“An Ancient Warning, A Global Message, From the End of the Last Ice Age”

“The Mystery of Göbekli Tepe and Its Message to Us”

“Glass Castles & Fire from the Sky: A New Theory of Vitrification”

image of robert schoch examining vitrified rock at the mote of mark

If you care to find out what geology all over the world is telling us, then check out his new book here: http://www.amazon.com/Forgotten-Civilization-Solar-Outbursts-Future/dp/1594774978/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1330118565&sr=8-1

The knowledge and 20+ years of research in it far surpasses the cost.

Below is a video mostly supposed to entice tourism to Turkey, but it has alot of great info with Dr. Schoch and the significance our true world history.

Now here is an hour long interview withDr. Robert Schoch explaining his views and theories of our worlds true history

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Evidences of Alternative Human History

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Old tools — and poison — push back Stone Age  20,000 years

New analysis of artifacts from cave in South Africa helps fill gap in human civilization

Courtesy Paola Villa, University of Colorado

Border Cave in South Africa was occupied by humans for tens of thousands of years.
By Stephanie Pappas

The late Stone Age may have had an earlier start in Africa than previously thought — by some 20,000 years.

A new analysis of artifacts from a cave in South Africa reveals that the residents were carving bone tools, using pigments, making beads and even using poison 44,000 years ago. These sorts of artifacts had previously been linked to the San culture, which was thought to have emerged around 20,000 years ago.

“Our research proves that the Later Stone Age emerged in South Africa far earlier than has been believed and occurred at about the same time as the arrival of modern humans in Europe,” study researcher Paola Villa, a curator at the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History, said in a statement.

The Later Stone Age in Africa occurred at the same time as Europe’s Upper Paleolithic Period, when modern humans moved into Europe from Africa and met the Neanderthals about 45,000 years ago.

“(T)he differences in technology and culture between the two areas are very strong, showing the people of the two regions chose very different paths to the evolution of technology and society,” Villa said. [ 10 Mysteries of the First Humans ]

Image courtesy of Francesco d’Errico and Lucinda Backwell

Tools and beads found at Border Cave, South Africa, date back as far as 40,000 years.

Hints of culture
Traces of civilization have been found going back nearly 80,000 years in Africa, but these fragments — bone tools, carved beads — vanish from the archaeological record by about 60,000 years ago.

In fact, almost nothing is known about what happened in Southern Africa between 40,000 and 20,000 years ago, Villa and his colleagues wrote online Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This gap makes it hard to link middle-Stone Age societies to the ones that came later.

The researchers brought the latest in dating technology to bear on a site on the border of South Africa and Swaziland called Border Cave. They found that a number of the artifacts in the cave were much older than expected. [ See Amazing Cave Photos ]

Ostrich eggshell beads, sharp bone points likely used for arrowheads, and notched bones were among the fragments of life dating back thousands of years before the San were thought to have emerged. One long-bone tool is decorated with a spiral incision that was then filled with red-clay pigment. A set of warthog or pig tusks shows signs of grinding and scraping. Other bones are marked with notches, as if they were used to keep a tally of something.

The researchers also found beads, several apparently deliberately blackened by fire, one dating back more than 38,000 years. A piece of wood associated with a stone with a hole through it was dated to about 35,000 years ago. The tool appears to be an early digging stick of the sort used by the later San people to unearth roots and termite larvae.

Oldest poison
The researchers also dated a lump of beeswax mixed with toxic resin that was likely used to haft, or attach, stone points to the shafts of arrows or spears. The beeswax dates to about 35,000 years ago, making it the oldest known example of beeswax being used as a tool.

Finally, researchers dated a thin wooden stick scarred with perpendicular scratches. A chemical analysis revealed traces of ricinoleic acid, a natural poison found in castor beans. It’s likely that the stick was an applicator used to put poison on an arrow or spearheads, the archaeologists reported. At about 20,000 years old, the applicator marks the first use of poison ever discovered.

“The very thin bone points from the Later Stone Age at Border Cave are good evidence for bow and arrow use,” Villa said. “The work by d’Errico and colleagues (published alongside Villa’s group’s report in the same journal) shows that the points are very similar in width and thickness to the bone points produced by San culture that occupied the region in prehistoric times, whose people were known to use bows and arrows with poison-tipped bone points as a way to bring down medium and large-sized herbivores.”

The ancient dates help fill in a continuity gap of human civilization, said study researcher Lucinda Backwell, a researcher in palaeoanthropology at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa.

“The dating and analysis of archaeological material discovered at Border Cave in South Africa has allowed us to demonstrate that many elements of material culture that characterize the lifestyle of San hunter-gatherers in southern Africa were part of the culture and technology of the inhabitants of this site 44,000 years ago,” Backwell said.

It seems plausible that these technologies arose 50,000 to 60,000 years ago in Africa and later spread to Europe, Villa said.

source: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/48403738/ns/technology_and_science-science/#.UFceTUJRpT7

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Pottery 20,000 years old found in a Chinese cave –

BEIJING (AP) – Pottery fragments found in a south China cave have been confirmed to be 20,000 years old, making them the oldest known pottery in the world, archaeologists say.

The findings, which will appear in the journal Science on Friday, add to recent efforts that have dated pottery piles in east Asia to more than 15,000 years ago, refuting conventional theories that the invention of pottery correlates to the period about 10,000 years ago when humans moved from being hunter-gathers to farmers.

The research by a team of Chinese and American scientists also pushes the emergence of pottery back to the last ice age, which might provide new explanations for the creation of pottery, said Gideon Shelach, chair of the Louis Frieberg Center for East Asian Studies at The Hebrew University in Israel.

“The focus of research has to change,” Shelach, who is not involved in the research project in China, said by telephone.

In an accompanying Science article, Shelach wrote that such research efforts “are fundamental for a better understanding of socio-economic change (25,000 to 19,000 years ago) and the development that led to the emergency of sedentary agricultural societies.”

He said the disconnection between pottery and agriculture as shown in east Asia might shed light on specifics of human development in the region.

Wu Xiaohong, professor of archaeology and museology at Peking University and the lead author of the Science article that details the radiocarbon dating efforts, told The Associated Press that her team was eager to build on the research.

“We are very excited about the findings. The paper is the result of efforts done by generations of scholars,” Wu said. “Now we can explore why there was pottery in that particular time, what were the uses of the vessels, and what role they played in the survival of human beings.”

The ancient fragments were discovered in the Xianrendong cave in south China’s Jiangxi province, which was excavated in the 1960s and again in the 1990s, according to the journal article.

Wu, a chemist by training, said some researchers had estimated that the pieces could be 20,000 years old, but that there were doubts.

“We thought it would be impossible because the conventional theory was that pottery was invented after the transition to agriculture that allowed for human settlement.”

But by 2009, the team — which includes experts from Harvard and Boston universities — was able to calculate the age of the pottery fragments with such precision that the scientists were comfortable with their findings, Wu said.

“The key was to ensure the samples we used to date were indeed from the same period of the pottery fragments,” she said.

That became possible when the team was able to determine the sediments in the cave were accumulated gradually without disruption that might have altered the time sequence, she said.

Scientists took samples, such as bones and charcoal, from above and below the ancient fragments in the dating process, Wu said.

“This way, we can determine with precision the age of the fragments, and our results can be recognized by peers,” Wu said.

Shelach said he found the process done by Wu’s team to be meticulous and that the cave had been well protected throughout the research.

The same team in 2009 published an article in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, in which they determined the pottery fragments found in south China’s Hunan province to be 18,000 years old, Wu said.

“The difference of 2,000 years might not be significant in itself, but we always like to trace everything to its earliest possible time,” Wu said. “The age and location of pottery fragments help us set up a framework to understand the dissemination of the artifacts and the development of human civilization.”

source:http://www.utaot.com/2012/12/27/pottery-20000-years-old-found-in-a-chinese-cave/

World Mysteries: The Voynich Manuscript

September 16, 2012 Leave a comment

Voynich Manuscript

Theories abound about the origin and nature of the manuscript. Some believe it was meant to be a pharmacopoeia, to address topics in medieval or early modern medicine. Many of the pictures of herbs and plants hint that it many have been some kind of textbook for an alchemist. The fact that many diagrams appear to be of astronomical origin, combined with the unidentifiable biological drawings, has even led some fanciful theorists to propose that the book may have an alien origin.
One thing most theorists agree on is that the book is unlikely to be a hoax, given the amount of time, money and detail that would have been required to make it.

While I may not agree with Prof. Gordon Rugg and his theory, the video below has alot of info:

Here is every page in the book:

source: http://www.mnn.com/lifestyle/arts-culture/photos/10-of-the-worlds-biggest-unsolved-mysteries/voynich-manuscript, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpzLhmH0UYs, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwviuWkzvRo&feature=fvwp

Keshe Technology Under Suppression

September 15, 2012 3 comments

To sign the petition, scroll down to the bottom

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http://www.keshefoundation.org

MT Keshe Answers about Creation and Consiousness

Question: Does Awareness, Consciousness, play a part in Creation? And if so, is it the field, that all else arises into creation from?

MT Keshe: I know I promised to reply, but in short, I am at the moment down to about 3 hours of rest a night and working without much time to write in depth and answer many questions which are put to me on the forum and in e-mails.

In time we will try to reply to as many as possible, but the questions you have raised are very important to answer even partially, as we are here not only to teach man the physicality of travel into space, but at the same time to teach the terms of conduct of man once he enters the new universal community.

One would not attend a wedding in a clown outfit, unless one had never been taught that there are dress codes and codes of conduct for each occasion.

Now we are trying to teach both to enable man to take his next step and to enter the true realm of creation rather than stay in his present isolated earthman tribal home.

The book called “The Soul” which is to be published as No 9 (some advisers want this to be the next book No 4) in reality will be the last book, as once we understand the full essence of creation then through this we guide man (not just teach him) to understand the real operation of the interaction of all beings in the universe in relation to each other and himself.

In this book, which is partially written, I will explain this very comfortably and scientifically, as consciousness is the key to the operation of physicality, irrespective of the entity, be it of man or any other entity that can make decisions about their interaction with themselves and with other entities in the universe.
Consciousness is not the exclusivity of the earthman tribe, but is the cornerstone of the operation and interaction of all intellects in the universe.

Consciousness is the interactive outcome of decisions made by fields and not by matters. In time man will come to understand that Consciousness has no field strength (principal, transition and matter fields) criterion and is equal and the same for all entities in the universe. It is the central control room of physicality, or what we call tangible existence, as well as of the non-tangible.

If physicality is the Sun itself, the Soul is the field which the Sun emits unconditionally, and when these fields interact with each other and with the fields of other entities that possess both magnetic and gravitational fields, then from the interaction of these complex fields comes the creation of light, or the awareness of the existence of the other. In this interaction the observation of the light becomes the consciousness of existence of the physicality of the original entities and how the interaction will be and what the outcome can be.

Then once one sees the light from the interaction of the fields, at this point one becomes AWARE of the entity without the presence of its physicality.

For example, this is like the interaction of the Magravs of the Sun and the Earth; the interaction of four fields leads to the creation of daylight and in this light, man at his point of observation becomes conscious of the existence of all fields of the Earth and the Sun and their interaction with each other, and he is aware of the physical existence of both sources.

On the other hand if all fields of the Earth and the Sun traveled in other directions and never interacted then man would not be aware of both entities and their position and strength relative to each other at these points in the universe, even though he receives fields from both independently. But where he sees the interaction of these fields within his existence then he becomes aware of the position of these two entities in the realm of the universe.

At this moment of time, man due his physical knowledge sees everything through the eye of physicality, which is the mirage that has blinded him from the truth of creation and the real essence of creation. “O man of existence, close your eyes to your physicality, to see the reality of existence in all realms of the universe.”

In truth man is matter, which with consciousness becomes a ‘being’, and no more.

This is the reason that all prophets of the past talk, connect and communicate through the concepts of the fire or the light, according to their followers’ intellect and understanding at the time.

As light arises from the interaction of their soul’s field with the essence of the creator’s fields, in this interaction, through the light revealed to the soul of the prophet and is shown and revealed to that how the conduct of the future should be.

One does not see the creator, but the created possess fields that can interact with the fields of the creator’s presence and this leads to enlightenment, or seeing the light of creation.

Thus when we are aware of our thoughts without regarding what our physical part decides to do with itself, then we consciously become aware that consciousness is in principle the controller of the physical body.

On the other hand, its own consciousness can interact with the universal entities without the physicality of the entity and without the entities having any say in how the interaction will be, and this is the correct line of interaction of the Soul with other creatures of the universe, as with this there is no need to feed the physicality that can endanger the process of the true and correct path with others in the universe.

In time man will come to understand that consciousness is the correct means of communication with all decision-making entities in the universe, and from there on he will learn how to correct the physical operation and conduct of his body, as the consciousness touches the operation of man’s physical being more than any other fields. But man has not come to realize how much of his own fate is decided by his own consciousness fields, which are equal in strength to the strength of his own physical matters fields.

Then if man will understand this, he will understand the laws of fallibility and will never have to do, and will never do, wrong to himself and not even to others.

In reality the prophets of the past should have taught man first, from the beginning of time to man’s intellectual maturity, about the operation of the soul and consciousness before teaching him about the physical behavior of man in physical relation to each other.

For example to teach, “Thou shall not steal”, what does this means in real terms of the operation of fields in the universe?

This means, once one takes from others’ fields, from whatever different Magravs strength, then one’s own fields attain a different strength without those fields actually being given, due to the course of their motion in the universe. Hence due to the new incorrect field strength gained by the one who has taken them, his own fields will change in strength and attract or repel other fields that he comes to in his path of motion in the universe. Since these fields are not his, so the path of his motion changes and then he does not reach the desired and correct destination.

Thus man has to understand the reality about his conduct and be aware of what this interaction will bring, and this awareness of how to stay in their right path and what to do to get to the final destination becomes the consciousness of man.

Once we enter the universal community, our thoughts and awareness and its controlling ‘consciousness’ will be an open book to all in the universe as they do not see physicality, but see the interaction of the brain’s internal fields and the fields which the brain emits in response to what it would like to attain or for the body to achieve certain goals. These other entities allow man free access to their fields so that he can continue in his correct path, or they withdraw their fields from mans line of thought so that again they do not interfere in the line of man’s motion, and then mankind reaches its final correct destination.

When man interacts with his universal family in the near future, he will be assessed and judged in the open spans of the universe by his fields of thought and not by the reflection of his physical behavior.

Physicality needs presence but consciousness needs no physicality for it to be present in all domains of creation in the universe.

This means that man’s thoughts are basically a Magravs field, which emanates from the operation of his matters and this in turn becomes a reflection of fields without any tangible part. Consciousness is a part of the communication of life for all entities that can receive as well as send their line of thought in response to others’ behaviors and thoughts.

The man who understands the working of awareness and consciousness is the man who has entered the kingdom of the creator.

There are those who claim to have reached this stage through meditation, and there are those who have reached this level of understanding and behavior without realizing it, through their naturally correct conduct from their upbringing and not from fear of punishment, as has been threatened by the prophets of the past.

Punishment is the control system of physicality while consciousness is action without punishment. Punishment is for the physical man while awareness and consciousness are the attribute of the soul of the entity.

Thus from this point on that we have opened the spans of this universe and beyond to the man, at the same time we will teach man that there is no punishment in the universe. From here on this cane of control (punishment) is removed from the apparatus for the teaching of man.

From this point on man will learn that his conduct and consciousness is the means of his own control, and that he has matured enough that from now on he shall be his own awareness and consciousness, and there will be no need for the physical teachers of the past and their control method of teaching for the physical body with threats that if man physically does this or that, then he shall be punished this way or that way.

In the universe there are no wars and no greed, but a clear path of freedom from the shackles of tangibility.

Those who understand the operation of consciousness will have a wonderful time in the worlds we have opened up to man as a gift and in the freedom of the use of space, and those who have not understood will have a rough time of it until they realize that awareness and consciousness and its interaction with other entities with the same attribute sets the course of their existence in the universe.

This will be the way man will find his correct balance and path in all realms of creation according to the true teaching of the creator.

Blessed those souls who understand the thoughts and not only what is written.

source: http://soundofheart.org/galacticfreepress/content/mt-keshe-answers-about-creation-and-consiousness

US Presidential Decree and Keshe Foundation Response

Question from the Keshe forum:

Mr. Keshe, News of Barack Obama’s censorship of the Keshe technology is disgusting to all of us here in the US that have been anxiously following your developments. Could you please cite the specific Executive Order that created this situation. The White House posts allegedly all executive orders at this URLhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/executive-orders, I would like to report this on my own website, but need a specific identification to verify the claim.

Citation:

http://content.govdelivery.com/attachments/USTREAS/2012/0
4/23/file_attachments/108232/2012iransyria.eo.rel.pdf
 (copy below, original was removed some weeks later)

Our message to the US President.

Your Excellency President Obama,

We offer you a path towards real world peace through the development of this new technology for the whole human race, using advanced technological know-how, and we hope you are open enough to listen first and then to enact a decree that can bring about this peace.

There are times when being attacked only makes the opponent stronger; with a decree such as that of 23 April 2012, more people now want to know what is the weakness in the US defense capability that has led to such a decree.

Your Excellency President Obama,
We offer you a path towards real world peace through the development of this new technology for the whole human race

I invite you to a direct presentation of our technology to you and your cabinet, to be given on neutral ground where the president of Iran could also be present and where no one betrays anyone else, so that we can all understand the fundamental change that is about to be brought to mankind. Then let us talk about genuine world peace.

As I said in my Sunday interview in Los Angeles, let us convert the military factories of the US to provide resources for a US space organization, so that the tools of war become the craft of universal peace.

The aircraft carriers of the US will become nothing but floating bathtubs if our Magravs technology is used effectively, and the runways full of F16s and 18s and so on will be nothing but runway museums of iron birds, as these craft will not be able to fly if their electronic systems are once touched by Magravs space technology. These crafts and battleships would have to be rewired from A to Z before they could ever operate again.

President Obama, we invite you to understand this change and to let us show you the technology that is bringing it about. Then we invite you to the table of world peace.

Please sign a decree for genuine peace and not a gagging order for science and technology, which your people understand fully what we have developed as they try to protect the pride of your nation.

This is not a question of the pride of one group or country, but pride for all of us in the advancement of the human race to new levels of understanding of the universal order of creation, in which we each have our place.

Your Ambassador and Consul in Belgium have direct access to me from our previous talks and correspondence with them and would pass on any communication.

With kindest regards from a peace loving man who has developed this powerful technology for the good of mankind,

M T Keshe

Read More and follow the discussion…

To sign the petition scroll down to the bottom

Official White House Response:

Copy of the Presidential Decree:

THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release April 23, 2012
EXECUTIVE ORDER
– – – – – – -
BLOCKING THE PROPERTY AND SUSPENDING ENTRY INTO THE
UNITED STATES OF CERTAIN PERSONS WITH RESPECT TO GRAVE
HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES BY THE GOVERNMENTS OF IRAN AND SYRIA
VIA INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, as amended (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, hereby determine that the commission of serious human rights abuses against the people of Iran and Syria by their governments, facilitated by computer and network disruption, monitoring, and tracking by those governments, and abetted by entities in Iran and Syria that are complicit in their governments’ malign use of technology for those purposes, threaten the national security and foreign policy of the United States. The Governments of Iran and Syria are endeavoring to rapidly upgrade their technological ability to conduct such activities. Cognizant of the vital importance of providing technology that enables the Iranian and Syrian people to freely communicate with each other and the outside world, as well as the preservation, to the extent possible, of global telecommunications supply chains for essential products and services to enable the free flow of information, the measures in this order are designed primarily to address the need to prevent entities located in whole or in part in Iran and Syria from facilitating or committing serious human rights abuses. In order to take additional steps with respect to the national emergencies declared in Executive Order 12957 of March 15, 1995, as relied upon for additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders, and in Executive Order 13338 of May 11, 2004, as modified in scope and relied upon for additional steps in subsequent Executive Orders, and to address the situation described above, I hereby order:
Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person, including any foreign branch, of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:

(i) the persons listed in the Annex to this order; and
(ii) any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with or at the recommendation of the Secretary of State:
(A) to have operated, or to have directed the operation of, information and communications technology that facilitates computer or network disruption, monitoring, or tracking that could assist in or enable serious human rights abuses by or on behalf of the Government of Iran or the Government of Syria;
(B) to have sold, leased, or otherwise provided, directly or indirectly, goods, services, or technology to Iran or Syria likely to be used to facilitate computer or network disruption, monitoring, or tracking that could assist in or enable serious human rights abuses by or on behalf of the Government of Iran or the Government of Syria;
(C) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in support of, the activities described in subsections (a)(ii)(A) and (B) of this section or any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or
(D) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order.
(b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order.
Sec. 2. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order would seriously impair my ability to deal with the two national emergencies identified in the preamble to this order, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of this order.
Sec. 3. The prohibitions in section 1 of this order include but are not limited to:

(a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and

(b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.
Sec. 4. I hereby find that the unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens who meet one or more of the criteria in section 1 of this order would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and I hereby suspend the entry into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, of such persons. Such persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).
Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or within the United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 6. Nothing in section 1 of this order shall prohibit transactions for the conduct of the official business of the United States Government by employees, grantees, or contractors thereof.
Sec. 7. For the purposes of this order:
(a) the term “person” means an individual or entity;
(b) the term “information and communications technology” means any hardware, software, or other product or service primarily intended to fulfill or enable the function of information processing and communication by electronic means, including transmission and display, including via the Internet;
(c) the term “entity” means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;
(d) the term “United States person” means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States;
(e) the term “Government of Iran” means the Government of Iran, any political subdivision, agency, or instrumentality thereof, including the Central Bank of Iran, and any person owned or controlled by, or acting for or on behalf of, the Government of Iran; and
(f) the term “Government of Syria” means the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic, its agencies, instrumentalities, and controlled entities.
Sec. 8. For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the two national emergencies identified in the preamble to this order, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.
Sec. 9. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order.
Sec. 10. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to determine that circumstances no longer warrant the blocking of the property and interests in property of a person listed in the Annex to this order and to take necessary action to give effect to that determination.
Sec. 11. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
Sec. 12. The measures taken pursuant to this order with respect to Iran are in response to actions of the Government of Iran occurring after the conclusion of the 1981 Algiers Accords, and are intended solely as a response to those later actions.
Sec. 13. This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on April 23, 2012.
BARACK OBAMA
THE WHITE HOUSE,
April 22, 2012.
ANNEX
Individual
1. Ali MAMLUK [director of the Syrian General Intelligence Directorate, born 1947]
Entities
1. Syrian General Intelligence Directorate
2. Syriatel
3. Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
4. Iranian Ministry of Intelligence and Security
5. Law Enforcement Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran
6. Datak Telecom
# # #

Keshe Foundation response

The space defense technology developed by the Keshe Foundation using magnetic and gravitational force fields (Magravs) has proved to be the best method for blocking magnetic field communication systems at any frequency.

The system is capable of jamming all communication lines and when used correctly can directly block all communication in a large area even from a distance.

This means that with a minimum effort all satellite communications can be blocked.

We tested this system 4 years ago and saw the results.

When this system is used effectively by forces that are active in a certain area, the opposite side cannot send information to its destined receiver.

The recent US decree proves their concern about how advanced the technology is and shows that the opposite side is being prevented from carrying out its operations.

Thus there is more to this decree than is seen at first glance.

In reality it shows that the US does not have any system that can overcome such a powerful and advanced technology, and by means of the decree they are trying to outlaw new technologies so that they have an excuse to label organizations like the Keshe Foundation as a rogue organization.

We are open, we stay open and we invite US scientists to join us so that we can use this technology effectively for the protection of craft in deep space.

This technology was developed by the Keshe Foundation, as described in our patent applications, so that in deep space crafts can be protected from any high level magnetic field radiation zones that are detected, and the systems and passengers can be safe when the crafts are traveling through them.

One of the uses of this new technology is to block any magnetic field carrying information throughout a large target area in space. This is how the Drum was captured, as it was blocked from receiving information from its control satellites during the procedure.

In a word, “Welcome to the real space technology,” and to seeing it working in real life on a large scale.

Our technology is on offer to the US government also, if they are prepared to accept that Iranian nuclear physicists are not necessarily betraying their nation if they share space technology with them.

We are here to bring about world peace so that mankind will be ready to join the universal community.

If sharing technology between friendly nations like Iran and the US is a criminal act then man of today has sunk lower than in the days of the cavemen.

We have invited NASA to explain their UFO technology and we are ready to do the same and explain our Magravs system to them.

This offer was made to them in an interview in a livestream conference in LA last Sunday and we will see what their response will be.

To petition this US Presidential Decree click HERE

Thank you all for your support and don’t forget to “like” our Facebook page HERE

Consciousness in Science – Part 1 and 2

September 15, 2012 2 comments

Consciousness

One of our main efforts of research here at E.I.R.S. is the collective investigations into the science of consciousness. With all the breakthroughs in the dynamics of our natural world, the topic of physics and consciousness is becoming more well renowned by physicists. In the spring of 2003, the Quantum Mind Conference on “Consciousness, Quantum Physics and The Brain” was held Arizona, USA. Their web site states, “Recent experimental evidence suggests quantum nonlocality occurring in conscious and subconscious brain function, and functional quantum processes in molecular biology are becoming more and more apparent. Moreover macroscopic quantum processes are being proposed as intrinsic features in cosmology, evolution and social interactions.”

When we know that we are all a part of this Non-Locality, or Oneness, we can make strides to improve our society, our nation and our world.

Below I will include links to the most ground-breaking discoveries being made on this front. Consciousness:

Experimental and Theoretical Approaches to Conscious Processing are continually growing more and more ambitious as we strive to understand what is largely only now being revealed to us through scientific research.

The Conscious Electromagnetic Information (Cemi) Field Theory:

http://independent.academia.edu/EarthsInternationalResearchSociety/Papers/1905646/The_Conscious_Electromagnetic_Information_Cemi_Field_TheoryIn_the_April_2002_edition_of_JCS_I_outlined_the_conscious_electromag-_netic_information_field_cemi_field_theory_claiming_that_consciousness_is_that_component_of_the_brains_electromagnetic_field_that_is_downloaded_to_motor_neu-_rons_and_is_thereby_capable_of_communicating_its_informational_content_to_the_outside_world._In_this_paper_I_demonstrate_that_the_theory_is_robust_to_criticisms._I_further_explore_implications_of_the_theory_particularly_as_regards_the_relationship_between_electromagnetic_fields_information_the_phenomenology_of_conscious-_ness_and_the_meaning_of_free_will._Using_cemi_field_theory_I_propose_a_working_hypothesis_that_shows_among_other_things_that_awareness_and_information_rep-_resent_the_same_phenomenon_viewed_from_different_reference_frames._Key_words_consciousness_electromagnetic_field_synchronous_firing_coherence_hard_problem

Synchronous Firing and Its Influence on the Brain’s Electromagnetic Field:

http://independent.academia.edu/EarthsInternationalResearchSociety/Papers/1905387/Synchronous_Firing_and_Its_Influence_on_the_Brains_Electromagnetic_Field_-_Evidence_for_an_Electromagnetic_Field_Theory_of_Consciousness

The Physics of Collective Consciousness:

http://independent.academia.edu/EarthsInternationalResearchSociety/Papers/1933288/The_Physics_of_Collective_Consciousness

Functional MRI and the Study of Human Consciousness:

http://independent.academia.edu/EarthsInternationalResearchSociety/Papers/1933293/Functional_MRI_and_the_Study_of_Human_Consciousness

Mechanisms of Social Cognition:

http://independent.academia.edu/EarthsInternationalResearchSociety/Papers/1933317/Mechanisms_of_Social_Cognition

The Nature of Consciousness:
Consciousness Mediated Spin II:Genesis of Self-Referential Matrix Law,& the Ontology & Mathematics of Ether:
 

Quantum physicists, neuroscientists, psychologists and mystics have evolved to the point where a significant paradigm shift is happening. The universe is viewed as sympathetically connected, unifying, matter, energy and consciousness.

Physics unites the many mathematical principles and perhaps one day physics will merge with spiritual and religious principles. The gap is narrowing.

By the mere sample I’ve given here, it surely demonstrates the connection of the role of science and consciousness plays. It’s an interweaving of basic fundamental processes. Science has everything to do with consciousness, it is One with it. There is no one place something “starts” and “ends”. It is a continuum of the same. Just like there are not real defining lines of the dimensional levels. All is connected.

There is a mystical world that we traverse where there is no time/space and dimensional divisions. Such as there are no divisions between the sciences of the dimensions – for all properties are found throughout the universe. There are worlds in our many realities that we haven’t begun to explore, either as scientists or mystics.

As science is discovering more and more uniquely mysterious properties of the universe, we are discovering more and more of the properties of our being and our consciousness.

All things are made up of cells each resonating together in energetic harmony. Neurocardiologists have discovered that 60% to 65% of heart cells are not muscle cells but neural cells which are identical to the neural cells in the brain. The heart and brain contains the very same neurotransmitters, the same axonal and dendritic connections.
(Mercogliano and Debus 1999).

The heart’s neural cells send information all over the body to keep the body working as one energetic harmonious whole. The mind, body and emotions are continually in dialogue with the heart.

Since our cells contain 99.999% space. That space is filled with energy moving at the speed of light. Information is moving at the speed of light!

If you really want to know what the body looks like, look up to the evening sky and see the stars, the cells of cosmic energy scattered through space. If you really want to know what the body looks like, listen to the waves and the wind for the energy they carry. If you really want to know what the body’s energy feels like, be aware of a gently breeze and sense the molecules of information breathed in and out by every person and thing that has ever lived. If you want to get a glimpse of how your whole body/heart/brain system sounds when it works collectively, listen to a symphony.

To quote Black Elk, “Peace..comes within the souls of men when they realize their relationship, their oneness, with the universe and all its powers and when they realize that at the center of the Universe dwells, Wakan Tanka, and that this center is really everywhere, it is it within each of us.”

T.H. Huxley says, “The question of all questions for humanity, the problem that lies behind all others and is more interesting than any of them is that of the determination of man’s place in Nature and his relation to the Cosmos.”

Quantum physics suggests that by redirecting our focus, our intentions and attentions, we bring in a new course of events while simultaneously releasing an existing course of events that no longer serve us. A matter of replacing, renewing and regenerating a new thought form that better serves to heighten the consciousness of everyone. We must find, understand and fully comprehend this interrelationship and oneness of our humanitarian nature and the impact on the whole of creation. We are realizing the complete being we are by understanding that even at the quantum level we affect things around us.

In finding our place in Nature, we just may save the Earth and ourselves in the process.

“To know the mechanics of the wave is to know the entire secret of Nature.”
Walter Russell

FREQUENCY

The psychodynamics of the mind as an electromagnetic structure establishes the nature and reality of consciousness as an interdimensional energy process. It is an electrical process of cause and effect.

Our consciousness determines our vibration (frequency and amplitude) When we realize that time and space are really ONE I think we then go beyond a simple understanding. This is what was talking about concerning frequency (time) and amplitude (energy)…and time traveling – and to me, this would mean being spiritually energized to walk in the 4th dimension freely. According to physics states the fourth dimension exists (subsequently physicist say 10 dimensions exist that they have mathematically figured so far). We can thus apply it to other spiritual areas as in various mysticism practices.

When our energy-amplitude is raised higher it is synonymous with our frequency (time) getting higher. When our frequency raises the distance between the waves are closer, therefore shortening time considerably. So Time is the distance between two points. What your amplitude-energy is determines how efficient you travel that time line.

For instance, You are standing by me…you raise your energy, which raises your frequency [if you are efficient at it {efficient in science is least amount of work for the energy expended)]. You dart across the room and come back to standing by me. I do not see you – except for the transition period of your energy..you coming and going. You might look like a fuzz of light at first..(dart across the room and come back) then a fuzz of light again. This is all that would be noticeable. Or perhaps if one is in movement while this energy transition is taking place, we may observe a “blurring” and see many different phases as in seen in someone taking consecutive pictures of a track and field long jumper. The realities are “blurred” together, and as physics states, can be seen in the multiple dimensions at once.

This parallels the concept of the Superstring theory which assumes there are an infinite and alternate series of parallel universes that exist. The viewpoint of many theoretical physicists: light is a vibration of the unseen 4th dimension. What is light? Light, electricity, and magnetism are manifestations of the same thing called electromagnetic radiation that encompasses the electromagnetic spectrum in which only a small fraction of light is visible to us.

When we do the “dart across the room” experiment, only the small visible light will be seen as a fraction of the whole energetic transition.

Music:

When we resonate as in the above example, it can also be viewed as “musical notes” that represents a mode of vibration, a distinct resonance or particle. Michio Kaku a physicist and author of “Hyperspace” states, “Matter is nothing but the harmonies created by this vibrating string. The laws of physics can be compared to the laws of harmony allowed on the string. The universe itself, composed of countless vibrating strings, would then be comparable to a symphony.”

“The energy of the heart, right down to our DNA is musical and rhythmic in nature. Geneticist, Susumu Ohno at the Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope in Duarte, CA, has translated the 4 nucleotides on the strands of DNA. When performed, listeners compared it to Bach, Brahms and Chopin. Listeners were moved to tears.”

“The universe consists solely of waves of motion…There exists nothing other than vibration.” relates Walter Russell in “A New Concept of the Universe”. In vibratory physics, the principles that make sound into harmonious music are the same principles that govern all associating vibrations throughout the universe – and that includes everything that there is. Vibrations are dynamic things not unlike “living” things since they are in a mutual state of “harmony”.

When sound harmonics form direct harmonic relations the two vibrating sounds and their chords of vibration are said to be sympathetic to each other. In other words, resonance – like attracts like. This combined frequency dictates that what happens to one vibratorily happens to the other simultaneously in varying degrees of harmony or dissonance. This is the Law of Cycles as presented by John W. Keely’s “Law of Sympathetic Vibratory Physics”.

“Music is formless and is therefore the perfect expression of the formless.”
Innayat Khan

Musical notes or sounds can be converted numerically as in the example in the previous section regarding the Fibonacci numbers found in nature. According to mathematics principles, a series of vibrations will multiply many times its own pitch, thus increasing harmonically all those that are near. This is the Law of Harmonic Pitch.

This multiplication of frequency and amplitudes is thought of in relation to the Ascension process. All things are energy, thus our “energy bodies” are becoming more attuned, reaching a higher vibrational rate, to the dynamic energetic force of the Universe. Extending and expanding vibrational rates happens in nature and we are merely a part of nature, so we should too, in theory, be capable of “ascension” as dense physical material beings.

Sound:

“He made the whole world an instrument of sound, and an instrument for carrying messages, resounding praise to the Creator of all.
Frank Waters – The Book of the Hopi

There is something called the Sacred Sound Current which correlates to the spiritual Hindu “OM” and the Sufi “HU”, and the Sant Mat “Shabd”. This Music of the Spheres, Logos or Word as called in mystical teachings, goes beyond our limited spoken language. Such ethereal music is referred to also as the Sound of God or the Breath of God since the sound permeates all things. And as we know, all things are composed of energy.

This all-pervading sound in the current of the Ocean of Consciousness is believed to be the connecting link between God and man. The divine currents are always playing a symphony of ethereal music; however, it does not become audible until we have progressed spiritually enough to hear with the inner ear. Additionally, many mystics, ancient and modern, have reported seeing various colors with the inner eye(s) while in meditation.

As physics deems, all is in a vibrational state, and thus can be converted into mathematical renditions, musical notes and color frequencies. Shabd is believed to be the pinnacle point of all the powers of nature in which, according to scriptures, is the method in which God creates.

I dwell in undefiled Light and a Thought revealed itself perceptibly through the great Sound…And it is a Word by virtue of the Sound; it was sent to illumine those who dwell in darkness…I am a Light that illuminates the All. I am the Light…”
Trimorphic Protennoia – Nag Hammadi

Light and Sound is also viewed as synonymous with each other in the ancient scriptures. This has been mentioned in various contexts within this site as well. They are Interconnected and part of the Whole within the wave/particle duality.

We can parallel the holographic universe concept with what Philo of Alexandria’s wrote circa 40 CE, “The whole creation, this entire world perceived by our senses is a copy of the Divine Image…But the shadow of God is his Word which he used like an instrument when he was making the world. And this shadow, and, as it were, model, is the archetype of other things…” We can also note the similarity to Carl Jung’s archetypes within the collective unconscious.

“The musician is very close to mysticism, far closer than the philosopher…because music is meaningful without any words; it is meaningful simply because it rings some bells in your heart..creates a synchronicity between you and itself, when your heart starts resonating in the same way, when you start pulsating in the same way.”
Osho, Philosophia Ultima

Frequency:

There are known quantitative frequencies that have been measured that illustrate the body and energy connections with comparative measurements to the world around us:

note:
^ = means to the power of 10^-8, 10 the minus 8 power

Gamma Rays 10^18 to 10^26hz
X rays 10^16 to 10^20hz
Ultraviolet Light (UV) 10^15 to 10^17hz
Visible Light 10^4.7 to 10^15hz
Infrared Rays 10^11 to 10^4.7hz
Radar Waves 10^9.5 to 10^11.5hz
Microwaves 10^8 to 10^9.5hz
Television Waves 10^6 to 10^8hz
Radio Waves 10^1to 10^6.5hz
Elf Waves 10^1hz

Earths Ionosphere Cavity Resonance – Schuman Field ranges from 1 Hz to 30 Hz – Radiation Spectrum 

Audio20 20,000 Hz
Ultrasonic 20,000 Hz – 100-kHz – 10 MHz
Radiofrequency 150KHz-1.5 MHz
High Radio Frequency RF 1.5MHz-40 MHz
Very High Radio Frequency VHF 40MHz-100MHz
Ultrahigh Radio Frequency UH over 100MHz

 

Brain:

Alpha 8-13 cycles/sec – relaxed alert
Beta 14-30 -intense mental concentration, agitation
Theta 4-7 Hypnogogic
Delta 5-3.5 Sleeping

Human Tolerances to sinusodal vibration

Head Pain 13-30Hz
Impaired Speech 13-20Hz
Jaw Pain 6-8Hz
Chest Pain 5-7Hz
Abdominal Pain 4.5 – 10 Hz
Human Body Cell 1,520,000 to 9,460,000 Hz
Upper Limit of Human Hearing 15,000 Hz

Molds, viruses, bacteria, worms, mites range from 77 KHz to 900KHz

Warts 400-430Kz
Tapeworms 420-450Khz
Mites 640KHz – 850KHz
Ant 1000 to 1200KHz
Goldfish 900 to 1500Khz
Chameleon 1000 to 6000KHz
Cat 1500 to 8000Khz

“Biological systems are influenced by the terrestrial electrical environment. This environment includes electric fields, magnetic fields, field modulations, and aerion(positive and negative) concentrations, and biological waves. Nature ordains harmonious variations of these factors. The human organism exhibits revealing electrical characteristics.

“Electromagnetic brain waves (0.1 to 30hz) occur at frequencies paralleling those of terrestrial sferics and the Schuman resonance. Decision making abilities are subordinate to alpha, beta, gamma(.01-5hz), theta(4 – 7hz), and delta(0.1-4hz) brain rhythms with their related states of consciousness.”
Symposium on Biological Effects and Measurement of Biofrequency/Microwaves, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, FDA – Critical Aspects of Human Versus Terrestrial Electromagnetic Symbiosis, E. Stanton Maxey, M.D. , 1977

Duality:

As we have learned thus far, all life, coexisting together at the same time, is both matter and space: movement and stillness, sound and silence, light and darkness. As we have seen earlier, the wave/particle duality (Non-Locality) means that everything is joined or connected together. This duality also means that objects that appear to have seemingly opposite properties are of the same substance but in a different form or density of a vibrational level.

It is believed that Earth is deemed as a “free will zone”. There is an ongoing battle between the positive and negative forces, the dark vs. light. Scientifically speaking, there is no difference, just differences in frequencies and amplitudes. Simply speaking, we are all one.

“light and shade, long and short, black and white, can only be experienced in relation to each other; light is not independent of shade, nor black of white. There are no opposites, only relationships.”
Lankavatara Sutra From “Buddha Speaks”
Anne Bancroft 2000

Another example of this polarity principle is found in sound harmonics. Fields may be enharmonic on one level but harmonic on different levels. Enharmonic would be like plucking a guitar string and allowing it to vibrate freely. The sound and the frequencies of the corresponding vibration are no longer exactly in the same frequency ratio. Harmonics, is the vibration multiples of the same frequency.

The Taoists also viewed the dynamic interplay between the polar opposites as yin and yang. This pair of opposites shares a polar relationship where the two poles are dynamically linked to the other and found throughout nature.

This idea of implicit unity of all opposites can be extremely difficult to accept. However paradoxical it may seem to some, Eastern philosophies have always been considered this as essential for attaining enlightenment to go ‘beyond earthly opposites,’ and in China the polar relationship of all opposites lies at the very basis of Taoist thought. In the Tao of Physics, “Thus Chuang Tzu says, The “this” is also “that.” The “that” is also “this.” . . . That the “that” and the “this” cease to be opposites is the very essence of Tao. Only this essence, an axis as it were, is the center of the circle responding to the endless changes.”

This ancient wisdom of duality is the essence of the Tao. It also appears to be the essence of physics.

“Every explicit duality is an implicit unity.”
Alan Watts

Heraclitus the Greek philosopher also realized that all opposites have a unity and relativity. “The way up and down is one and the same,” and “God is day night, winter summer, war peace, satiety hunger.”

Science and religion also represent a complimentary pair of polar opposites residing within a highly complex paradox. If we view these opposites as the ends of the light spectrum, we have a diverse range of human culture and ideals. These cultural dimensions in this range quantify the ideal of “unity of diversity”, biologically, ecologically and sociologically. In “The Wisdom of Thich Nhat Hanh”, he eloquently says, “Realizing the interdependent nature of dust, flowers, humans, we see that unity cannot exist without diversity. Unity and diversity interpenetrate each other fully.”

The full magnitude of the paradox disappears in the light of diverse duality.

“Life starts with the knowledge of diversity, but the awareness of unity is the pinnacle of life.”
Hazrat Inayat Khan

The Kybalion:

The Kybalion encompasses the study of “The Hermetic Philosophy of Ancient Egypt and Greece”. This is considered as the life work of Hermes Trismegistus who was considered to be the “scribe of the gods”. This Greco-Egyptian philosopher and mathematician reportedly had written tens of thousands of volumes of books revealing to humankind the healing arts, magic, writing, astrology, science, chemistry and philosophy. This was a time of unity between the scientific and religious studies.

Hermes also built several pyramids and reportedly even taught the great mathematician Pythagoras. Oddly enough, Hermes is considered the “Great Central Sun of Occultism”. Perhaps Hermes was the living embodiment of duality as he inscribed some of the earliest accounts of the secret of the ultimate reconciliation between the meta-physical science and religion. His wisdom follows in excerpts from the Kybalion. The parallels to “modern” thinking are astounding.

“Everything is Dual; everything has poles; everything has its pair of opposites; like and unlike are the same; opposites are identical in nature, but different in degree; extremes meet; all truths are but half-truths; all paradoxes may be reconciled.”

“The same Principle manifests in the case of “Light and Darkness,” which are the same thing, the difference consisting of varying degrees between the two poles of the phenomena”

“The “Art of Polarization becomes a phase of “Mental Alchemy” known and practiced by the ancient and modern Hermetic Masters. An understanding of the Principle will enable one to change his own Polarity, as well as that of others, if he will devote the time and study necessary to master the art.”

“The teachers claim that illustrations of this Principle may be had on every hand, and from an examination into the real nature of anything. They begin by showing that Spirit and Matter are but the two poles of the same thing, the intermediate planes being merely degrees of vibration. They show that THE ALL and The Many are the same, the difference being merely a matter of degree of Mental Manifestation.”

By looking carefully at the nature of opposites, we might realize that each pole actually incorporates its opposite, in one form or another – as an essential component of the whole.

“To understand the whole it is necessary to understand the parts. To understand the parts, it is necessary to understand the whole. Such is the circle of understanding.” – Ken Wilber, Eye of Spirit

“We are what we think. All that we are arises with our thoughts. With our thoughts, we make our world.” – Buddha

Thought is a great dynamic force with tremendous power. A simple atom radiates an electromagnetic field or EMF. A molecule radiates yet a stronger electromagnetic field. A large number of molecules form a cell in which the human brain contains at least 200 million such cells. These atomic waves seem to include the emotions and are thought to be superimposed within the EMF frequencies. These vibrations are sent out into the physical world extending outward into the “non-physical” world. The historian Arthur Koestler refers to this as the capacity of the human psyche to “act as a cosmic resonator”. Thoughts paired with Intent equals a very powerful mixture of “mental stuff”.

Thoughts and emotions happen as a result of you interactions with the world based on your perception of past experiences. It how you perceive this world of events that form our thought processes that becomes reactions and behaviors, unconsciously or consciously. Our thoughts create our feelings, emotions, behavior and what is attracted and magnetized into your life.

In minding your thoughts, there is also a Japanese principle known as the “Kototama Principle” meaning “word soul”. When one develops the right connection to language and words, this deep connection “becomes a ‘mirror’ against which one reflects his concerns in order to have a better sense of their nature, place, and relationship to a totality.” This “hidden” philosophy is just now re-emerging as our understanding how thought and feelings affect our realities.

Emotion is the fuel of creation…… “everything you dwell upon in your mind and heart, everything that you believe in, is drawn into physical manifestation. This is happening more and more quickly. As the masters have advised you for thousands of years”…

The very fabric of space/time that makes up the world is composed of threads and collectively we can, and we do, change and bend it to the will toward a love-centered reality. Love is not only an emotion, is also a genuine power in and of itself. The world is not set in “physical laws” or “immutable constants” it is ever changing, always fluctuating and we too change that with the tiniest thought.

“Thank goodness for feelings that create our emotions. Feeling and emotion are what will ignite your desire to know the love that is within you.” 
Alana, The Seven Sacred Steps

The Brain:

“The human brain being formed of an inestimable number of spherical resonators, termed in medical science nerve cells, forming the gray matter of the brain, these minute spheres take up the thought force which permeates all space in endless waves, eternally active. This force we term atomolic; the cells are composed of *atomoles, whose vibratory motions under the action of universal thought force result in the phenomena of thought, cognition, intellection, etc. Understanding this, no one should continue to feel surprise at the caring emotions and impulses of a human being in an undeveloped state, as only by developed WILL can the motions of this force be directed.”
(*Atomoles are elementary units of matter uniform in size and weight, and exist in solid, liquid, gaseous, and isolated forms. “Keely and His Discoveries” by John Ernst Worrell Keely)

A physics theory that was predicted in 1925, that resulted in the ever popular example of superconductivity in 1995, is The Bose- condensation.

This condensation is viewed as the most highly ordered structures in nature. This property is equivalent to a laser but the particles behave as a single particle and seem to possess a form of free will. The energies merge to become part of the whole. The Bose- condensate was later applied to living tissues and the results were astonishing for quantifying human consciousness.

In 1989 the British psychiatrist Ian Marshall, showed whenever the condensate in the brain is excited by an electrical field, conscious experience occurs. In his studies, the millions of neurons in the brain would maintain coherent thought processes, the neurons working as one structure. In other studies, it has also been determined by the encephalograph that all reasoning processes are actual waveform transmissions. Additionally, quantum wave function of the brain is not completely random and seems to have a “phase difference” which implies the parallels of mind and body to the duality of the wave and particle. The wave aspect of nature yields the mental; the particle aspect of nature yields the material.

Nobel Prize winner Ilya Prigione of the University of Texas is studying the “spontaneous formation of coherent structures,” how chemical and other kinds of structures evolve patterns out of chaos. Karl Pribram, a neuroscientist at Stanford University, has proposed that the brain may be a type of “hologram”. He theorizes the brain is a pattern and frequency analyzer which creates reality by interpreting frequencies from beyond space and time dimensions. On the basis of this model, the physical world “out there,” is, in Pribram’s words, “isomorphic with”–that, the same as, the processes of the brain.

Again, referencing to the physicist David Bohm, he writes, “in the deep structure of the brain. The new meaning will produce different thoughts, and therefore an entirely different function of the brain…As this changes, the whole universe changes.”

“Our destiny changes with our thought; we shall become what we wish to become, do what we wish to do,when our habitual thought corresponds with our desire.”
Orison S. Marder

In a New York Times article dated April 26th, 2003, Tenzin Gyatso of Dharamsala, India, wrote a column about his recent investigation of emotions and behavior. This being a recent publication of the science of the emotions and the mind in Buddhism, in which many such similar scientific studies have been done.

“It is for this reason that I visited the neuroscience laboratory of Dr. Richard Davidson at the University of Wisconsin. Using imaging devices that show what occurs in the brain during meditation, Dr. Davidson has been able to study the effects of Buddhist practices for cultivating compassion, equanimity or mindfulness. For centuries Buddhists have believed that pursuing such practices seems to make people calmer, happier and more loving. At the same time they are less and less prone to destructive emotions.

Dr. Davidson tells me that the emergence of positive emotions may be due to this: Mindfulness meditation strengthens the neurological circuits that calm a part of the brain that acts as a trigger for fear and anger. This raises the possibility that we have a way to create a kind of buffer between the brain’s violent impulses and our actions.

Dr. Davidson using electroencephalographs to measure brain waves. According to Dr. Davidson, the abbot had the highest amount of activity in the brain centers associated with positive emotions that had ever been measured by his laboratory. After eight weeks, Dr. Davidson found that in these people, the parts of their brains that help to form positive emotions became increasingly active.

But reflection shows that in our lives much of our suffering is caused not by external causes but by such internal events as the arising of disturbing emotions. The best antidote to this disruption is enhancing our ability to handle these emotions.”

Laughter:

We have all heard that laughter is the best medicine. The emotions that come from humor and laughter help people cope better with the stress of daily life. Studies have shown that people who laugh often live longer and are much healthier compared to those that find it difficult to laugh due to life’s circumstances and personality types. This common reflex affects the body by activating the cardiovascular system, helps lower blood pressure and also exercises the muscles of the body. Research has shown that parts of the limbic system are involved in laughter as well. The limbic system is a primitive part of the brain that is involved in emotions and helps us with basic functions necessary for survival.

Dr. Lee S. Berk, at Loma Linda University School of Medicine and Public Health in California, and endocrinologist Stanley Tan, studied various groups of adults and found that laughter also stimulates our endocrine system and the pituitary gland, which in turn, stimulates release of endorphins and enkephalins, natural painkillers that are chemical cousins to opiates such as morphine and heroin. They found that both arms of the immune system got a boost out of laughter. Other studies have shown laughter improved functioning in those with breast cancer, marital stress and also those in the grieving process.

Silvia Cardoso, a behavioral biologist reports, “Repeated short, strong contractions of the chest muscles, diaphragm and abdomen increase blood flow into our internal organs, and forced respiration–the ha! ha!–makes sure that this blood is well oxygenated. Muscle tension decreases, and indeed we may temporarily lose control of our limbs, as in the expression “weak with laughter”. It may also release brain endorphins, reducing sensitivity to pain and boosting endurance and pleasurable sensations. Some studies suggest that laughter affects the immune system by reducing the production of hormones associated with stress, and that when you laugh the immune system produces more T-cells.”

Recent surveys indicate that laughter can enhance the quality of our conversations and productivity and social interactions. It simply makes people feel closer to each other. In his book, “Laughter: A Scientific Investigation”, Provine says “that laughter is the oil in the social machine, helping human interactions run more smoothly”.

Laughter sounds also have on emotional responses in listeners. Recent studies “support the notion that one important function of laugh acoustics is to influence the emotional responses of listeners,” the researchers from the Acoustic Society of America meeting conclude.

I had stated in the Frequency and Sound portion of this site, “The universe consists solely of waves of motion…There exists nothing other than vibration.” relates Walter Russell in “A New Concept of the Universe”.

In vibratory physics, the principles that make sound into harmonious music are the same principles that govern all associating vibrations throughout the universe – and that includes everything that there is. Vibrations are dynamic things not unlike “living” things since they are in a mutual state of “harmony”.

Biology:

“David Bohm summarizes M=E=I formula (matter = energy = information) when he writes: ‘there is a limitless amount of information enfolded into the structure of the universe and we are a manifestation of that energy. Every body event, whether the workings of enzymes, neuropeptides, hormones, blood, or skin, is an info-energetic event.'”

“Science has discovered startling new possibilities regarding how we think, feel, love, heal and find meaning in our life…research suggests that the heart thinks, cells remember and that both of these processes are related to an as yet mysterious, extremely powerful, but very subtle energy. Science may be taking the first steps to understanding more about the ancient shamans/healers/leaders – the energy of the human spirit and the coded information that is the human soul.” (Pearsall 1998).

Many cardiologists have combined their knowledge of biology and new physics – the study of subtle energy and the invisible atomic world and modern cardiology. Energy cardiology is based on the “dynamic systems memory theory”, the idea that all systems are constantly exchanging mutually influential energy, which contains information that alters the systems taking part in the exchange. In another section of my web site I wrote, “Our billions of heart cells are able to form a quantum energy generator…by laws of the quantum world such as nonlocality…the info-energetic connection that constitutes all systems in the Universe.”

Kinesiology:

Another field, Kinesiology, has made strides in determining feelings and emotions on the well-being of the body. David R. Hawkins, MD, PhD. conducted a 29 year study that demonstrated the human body becomes stronger or weaker depending on a person’s mental state using kinesiology, or muscle testing. Dr. Hawkins developed a scale of 1-1000 that maps human consciousness: 200 (or 20,000 cycles per second) weakens the body and from 200 to 1000 makes the body stronger. At various points above this are intellect, psychology, science, genius, heart and enlightenment which move us from duality to non-duality. This Map of Consciousness is based on a logarithmic scale which means there is an enormous increase in power with even a small increase in the number on the scale.

The lowest vibration rate is described as “Force”. This exhibits a weak kinesiologic response with a vibration under 200 which includes shame, then guilt, apathy, grief, fear and anxiety, craving, anger and hate. All these feelings weaken you. Levels at 200 and above are described as “Power,” which elicit a strong kinesiologic response. At 250 you have neutrality and trust – this strengthens you.

Going up on the scale there is: willingness, optimism, acceptance and forgiveness, reason and understanding, love and reverence, joy and serenity.

Courage calibrates at 200 
Willingness calibrates at 310
Reason calibrates at 400 
Unconditional Love calibrates at 500
Joy, and the ability to communicate healing energies to another calibrates at 540
Gratitude calibrates at 560
Praise at 570
Peace and bliss is rated at 600
Enlightenment and Ineffability at 700-1000.

Dr. Hawkins conjectures the great scientists such as Newton and Freud calibrate at 499 and Carl Jung calibrates at 540, the highest level of the intellect we have known to this point.

At the highest end of the kinesiological scale of human experience, 600 to 1000, are qualities that transcend duality. This is the level of “enlightenment” and “pure bliss” of consciousness.

The highest calibration in this study was 700 by Mother Theresa who exuded peace and joy by her mere presence. Dr. Hawkins reports that Jesus, Krishna, Buddha, the greatest prophets recorded in human history all calibrate at a scale at 1000 along with their messages of Unity, Peace and Love calibrated near 1000.

Cycles Conversion of Hawkin’s scale illustrate:

Hawkin’s Scale
100
200
300
500
1,000
Cycles P/Second = Hz
10,000
20,000
30,000
50,000
100,000
kHz or kc/s
10
20
30
50
100

Please reference the section on Frequency which has a listing of comparative measurements

The frequency from light, sound, to physiological functions (as demonstrated in the Frequency section) along with bio-scientific studies show definite resonances in all things and ultimately shows the dual nature of our physical being and how we are energetically linked to everything else.

“Energy waves build the human body by radiation in intrauterine life, as a pattern of energy currents, and continue to maintain it by this energy flow as wireless currents.” 
Dr. Randolph Stone -Polarity Therapy Book 1

Prayer:

To “feel” combines our emotions merged with our thoughts and hence energy follows attention. When we pray we realize and acknowledge there are many possibilities and by the act of praying-focusing-feeling, we direct that energy into an opportunity that we *choose* to experience – of all the possibilities available.

A Tibetan Abbott said on prayer, “Feeling – the object of each prayer is to achieve “feeling”. When we pray, we feel on behalf of all beings, everywhere. We are all connected. We are all expressions of one life. No matter where we are, our prayers are heard by all. We are all the same one.”

“Unless you, yourself, enter the image and think from it, it is incapable of birth.”
Neville

Gregg Braden and others have spoken about the power of prayer and the physics principles at work. “Through the language of time waves, quantum outcomes, and choice points…” we determine our future probabilities. “Our individual choices merge into our collective response to the present” whose rings span far into the depths of time/space.”

The matrix grid of consciousness, Jung’s collective unconscious, is the nervous system for the earth, our thoughts effect this system and everything contained therein.

The universe can be crafted with a simple working of your will. Mages and mystics and shamanic healers have taught this truth throughout the ages. Thoughts and feelings manifest itself into reality. This makes us co-creators with the universe. Quantum physics even suggest that by redirecting our focus and our attention we can bring about about a new course of events.

“Everything we think, feel, and do has an effect on our ancestors and all future generations and reverberates throughout the universe.”
Thich Nhat Hanh

A tiny emotion becomes a thought of a one raindrop, thousands of drops turn into a flood. There is true magic-alchemy in the power of will, we shape the world by our desires, thoughts, intents and actions. So in relation to mankind’s “ascension” it is the product of many working, thinking, acting, and living as a higher unit of collective thought energy processes.

In Kabalistic teachings there is a saying, “think well of everyone”. In Kabbalah, what we do in this world always has effects in the spiritual dimension. There is also the term “cycle of reciprocity”: what is going out from your mind is always coming back to you.

Dhyani Ywahoo, a Cherokee spiritual teacher, says it beautifully: “Be aware of the power of mind, remember that we are all in process of unfolding. We can choose, we can weave; we hold the form, we dance it, and the moment comes when it is recalled in each of us…By the power of its sound it is a reality…The Beauty Path, the Great Peace, is the meeting of ourselves, the perceptions of our minds, and the cessation of those waves and thought forms that create discord. Let us sow the seed of peace in all our actions, thoughts and words.”

The Spiritual Path assists “mortal man in gaining and understanding of his/her place within the Divine Order and allows mankind to experience the greater purpose of evolution from a more Universal perspective.”
Akhenaton

“When mankind perceives reality through an open, evolved heart chakra, mortal man experiences reality by “feeling” the energy states of that reality.” We can safely say that real truths cannot be said, talked about or even written, they must be lived, experienced and felt.”

“Remember to be cautious with your thoughts and your words; they are the tools of creation.
Remember cause and effect.
Remember there is nothing more important than love.”
(Mary Sparrowdancer – “The Love Song of The Universe”)

Energy as Consciousness in Science

Consciousness is not always a favorite topic of scientists and other thinkers in that it is hard to define.  The dictionary includes awareness and a state of being awake.  For our purposes, a more comprehensive definition is, “the totality of a person’s thoughts and feelings.”  Note that this would include emotion, thinking, and physical bodily reactions.

On the one hand, one needs to distinguish between Consciousness (the apparently unique quality of humans being aware — “I think, therefore I am”), a transcendent mind (which has no physical basis and may be construed as the Consciousness vehicle without portfolio — or physical reality), a mechanistic brain (which depends upon electrochemical interactions), and the body (the physical presence we normally associate with a reality which includes matter — the latter the “stuff” of the physical universe).  Quantum physics has, for example, demonstrated the links between Consciousness and Physics — and also shed enormous light on Mind-Body discussions, as well as Mind-Matter interactions. (6/1/05) There is also what might be termed a Christ Consciousness, or the ultimate in Intermingled Realities.

The French philosopher Michel Foucalut once claimed, “All modern  thought is permeated by the idea of thinking the unthinkable.”  Perkins has said: “Some physicists even think there might be bizarre links between gravity, the weird properties of the quantum world, and that most enduring of human mysteries — consciousness.” [1]  Well, yeah!  Duh!  

Unfortunately, Consciousness Research has been largely ignored by the physical sciences.  This is despite an array of encounters in modern physics which keep alluding to consciousness, but which manage in some way to avoid ever calling it by name.

For example, there is the fundamental problem of an observer affecting a measurement by the simple act of taking the measurement — as embodied in Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle (and in accordance with its varied interpretations). Moreover, the attitude of the observer, or even the ability of the observer to see a result (i.e. not being blinded by an overriding, contrary Paradigms), can make a profound difference in the outcome of an intended or accidental experiment. Essentially, what we cannot imagine, we cannot see.

Another problem arises from Maxwell’s Demon, the devilish mental concept which forced physics to elevate information up to the same level of importance and impact as energy when dealing with the Laws of Thermodynamics and reversing the direction of Entropy.  Information is about Communication, the transmission of knowledge, intelligence, even enlightenment.  In this context (Maxwell’s Demon, et al) information constitutes: a means by which an unordered structure can become ordered (i.e. Entropy reversed).

In physics, this was acknowledged by identifying information as a form of energy.  However, not to have taken the immediate, logical route of calling the solution to the enigma posed by Maxwell’s Demon a form of consciousness (instead of the more benign word, information), is one of the more fascinating examples of the blind leading the blind in the practice of physics.

Wave-Particle Duality and Quantum Knowing have contributed to the information link to experimental results, and in fact, created the unique and demonstrable “proof” that observation (the access to information) changes the results of experiment.  This is the stuff of Creating Reality, creating matter or events by simply acquiring information, by simply observing what is transpiring.

There is no way to overemphasize the importance of modern quantum physics and its impact upon our understanding of a transcendental mind with consciousness.

Consciousness can be described as taking unconnected and chaotic properties or bits of data and correlating them into an ordered structure or schema.  Consciousness is thus anti-entropic to the extent of individual systems within the universe being anti-entropic, and both information and consciousness begin to take on some of the same properties with regard to physics.  Both information and consciousness become forms of energy.

Consciousness may require the transformation of more traditional forms of energy in order to accomplish consciousness’ ability to correlate — to be anti-entropic.  However, the physics of The Fifth ElementZero-Point Energy, and so forth — as well as countless traditions and philosophical understandings from the beginning of recorded history — have concluded that there exists an energetic connection between all aspects of the universe.  Thus the energy requirements — which utilize means outside the pathways currently prescribed by mainstream science — become irrelevant among systems within the universe.

Furthermore, the basic objection to any supposed violation of the Law of Conservation of Energy (i.e. the “second law” in the Laws of Thermodynamics) is incorrect because the law is only valid with regard to a closed system.  Because of the energetic connection between all aspects of the universe, there are no closed systems within this universe, and only the universe may be regarded as a closed system.  (Of course, if there are Multiple Universes, even this proviso may not be strictly obeyed.  Sorry about that.)

Arthur Young has referred to the third derivative — equivalent to The Fifth Element’s third derivative term — as “control”, and in doing so implied that consciousness is the underlying aspect of the added term in the equations of physics.  But why should this term leap from a simply description of a small aspect of physics to that of consciousness?

Arthur Young tried to answer this by likening the situation to the case where all machines ultimately require a form of control.  Such a control is intentional, and is based on the physical distinction between accelerating and causing acceleration.

The position of something, or even the fact that an object is in motion, or is changing its motion, is not a matter which requires choice.  These are deterministic in that they follow the natural laws of science.  They just are.  It’s here, it’s moving, it’s moving under the influence of gravity, and that’s about it.  There is no further need for action, for initiating a change for some purpose, or for redirecting the motion of an object.

Significantly, each of the three variables — position, velocity, and acceleration — all come under the purview of obeying the natural laws.  Any object anywhere in the universe is being influenced by the laws, and the only actions occurring due to these influences are changes in position and/or velocity.  There are no natural physical laws which induce a change in acceleration.  [Although there can be changes in the direction of acceleration.]

The third derivative, i.e. the rate of change of acceleration, is therefore outside the natural physical laws as we typically envision them.  There may be other deterministic physical laws which govern the third derivative, but these same meta-physical laws, these additions to what we now know as the laws of physics, appear to include choice, control, intent, and ultimately, consciousness.  In other words, there may be the Laws of Consciousness, but while we may have experienced them from our inception, we have yet to formulate them in the form of equations (equations often being the goal of mathematical physicists).

Consciousness — The Mother of All Connections

Fundamentally important with respect to the Connective Physics of The Fifth Element is the potential for a human consciousness to act as a “channel” for the universal energy flow.  On a more esoteric level, loving another human being may be simply the act of channeling the love of the universe through the lover and in the direction of the beloved.  The delightful part is that the love traversing the lover is also leaving the effects of its passage within the lover.  By the same token, hate would accomplish the same effect, but with less desirable results.  The relevant question is whether or not, all such channelings or passages of universal energy flow through the body, leave their effects as well.

Bruce Lee has been described <http://www.brucelee.com> as accomplishing astounding feats with the power of using his body to motivate others in an appropriate (Lee-selected) direction.  But there is also the very real possibility of his consciousness being a key element in the process — potentially even of far greater importance than his skill at practicing his own brand of martial arts!  The same can be said of karate or homeopathy. In effect, Bruce Lee may have been “channeling” energy, and moving it in a very specific direction, for a very specific purpose.

However, if Bruce Lee and other practitioners of the martial arts are simply channeling vast amounts of love, hate, power, and/or energy through their bodies, and in the process reaping a fair amount of residue/effect of the universal energy (in any of its myriad forms, both esoteric and exoteric, good and bad), an essential requirement for the practitioner’s mind and body would be a conscious state conductive to the process and at the same time, one capable of utilizing the energies to advantage.

In something we might term the Bruce Lee Effect, there is the distinct possibility that too much energy flow for a given consciousness state or mental capacity might result in a situation where the body of the energy’s channeler suffers significantly.  Trying to channel even a healing energy through a body for the benefit of another might in some cases result in overpowering the capacity of the body of the healer to compensate.  Funneling love in large quantities is unlikely to cause any negative effects, inasmuch as the very nature of love would be, at the very least, to soften any possible negative effects, and in the more likely scenario, simply leave the lover awash in love (possibly a very desirable condition).

But other forms of energy, even when positive in their intent, could be overdoing an individual’s ability to “carry the current”, so to speak.  Just as too much current can overload a circuit (and burn it out), too much directed energy can burn out the circuits of the channeler through which the energy is flowing.  This may be the problem, for example, of anyone approaching the Ark of the Covenant who is not in resonance with it, who has not taken the ORME and prepared themselves (consciously and physically).  [See below.]

In the case of an energy flow with negative characteristics, the probability of negative results in the perpetrator’s mind and body quickly approaches unity (i.e. it’s guaranteed).  For example, hating someone intently — flowing universal hate energy through the body — is without question, deleterious to the hater (and maybe the hated).  A traditional tale tells of a person hating someone sufficiently intently that the initiator of the hate is likened to holding a hot coal in his or her hand, while waiting for the opportunity to throw it at the target of the person’s hate.  The moral of this situation is that the hater will end up with a very burned and damaged hand, while the hated may likely escape because of the bad aim of the already wounded hater, who when he or she finally lets the hot coal go in the approximate direction of the intended victim, misses.  Too bad.  [pardon the pun]

For those intrigued by the idea of channeling energy in any of its many forms, be advised that channeling negative energies is decidedly not a good idea.  This implies, of course, a prerequisite of a soul being able to discriminate between positive, negative, and negative-attempting-to-appear-positive energies.  However once the appropriately selected energy is determined, one can then begin a process of directing energies to others.

In this regard, there is unlikely to be any deleterious effects if one simply channels unconditional love and joy, without the slightest hint of attempting to infringe on another’s free will.  For those cases where a more active and focused intent is appropriate (perhaps in some cases of healing, for example), the channeler’s mind and body must be adequately prepared beforehand.  This might include meditation, prayer, or other mental preparations.

Physical preparations for channeling might include being fully hydrated.  Water in the body in maximum quantities appears essential in order to absorb without any ill effects, the fluctuating energies in both channeling and DNA changes. Dehydration, on the other hand, would likely cause major problems, because of the body’s inability to deal with the vibrational frequencies of any and all universal energies coursing through the body.  Water is an excellent buffer, when it comes to being sufficiently fluid for vibrational changes, and it needs to be present in the body in adequate quantities in order to do the work.

There is also the very noteworthy effects of attempting to channel ORME-related energy.  Traditionally, those without the proper attitude of “righteousness” have found themselves in deep do-do.  The best examples derive from the Bible, where in one case an innocent guard, seeing the Ark of the Covenant (the container for the ORME) about to capsize, reached out to prevent it, and promptly died from the effort.  While his goal might have been laudatory, his mental state was more likely that of anxiety or fear.  What was needed instead was for him to be in a mental/emotional state of righteousness before attempting to deal with the ORME or the Ark.  [See above. <g>]

An even more definitive example occurred when there was a concerted effort on the part of Moses’s people to assume some measure of control over the affairs of the wandering Hebrews.  Moses and Aaron had up until that time, been the only individuals with access to the Ark of the Convenant, and ultimately to the ORME.  This exclusivity might be construed as a Moses-style control-issue, or more likely, the understanding by Moses of the inadvisability of allowing anyone — perhaps without the essential prerequisites — to have access to the ORME, and thus to be able to channel an enormous amount of energy, with its attendant negative or positive effects.

When the members of the uprising demanded an opportunity to access the Ark, and after some resistance by Moses and Aaron, the latter two led the penitents into the presence of the Ark and its ORME contents.  At an appropriate moment, the two leaders ducked, and the crowd behind them was blasted into oblivion by some power impulse originating from the Ark — potentially a high voltage, discharging electromagnetic pulse.  Apparently, the crowd was not quite enlightened enough — a charge which can perhaps always be levied on virtually any crowd.  In effect, the Hebrews received an instantaneous introduction of the Bruce Lee Effect, even if they had no clue as to this future individual.  (There were very few movies, including preruns, in the Sinai in those days.)

A significant question is whether or not the channeling of energies can be accomplished with no negative impacts.  Better yet, how can extraordinary energies be channeled (inasmuch as we’re likely already channeling energy on a continuing and regular basis)?

In a word, Superconductivity.  Current flowing through a circuit causes the circuit to heat — a phenomena known as i2R heating (the current squared times the resistance).  In superconductivity, the resistance goes to zero, and thus there is noheating.  If there is no heating, there is no “burn out”, and thus no negative effects of channeling any amount of energy.  With “superconducting channeling”, therefore, one might be able to focus the energy without being attached to it (i.e. no resistance to its passage), and thus the channel accumulating no negative effects of the energy which is flowing through the body.  Obviously, the key is No Resistance!  And as has been said: “No pain; no resistance.”

How does one convert their thoughts to a “superconducting channeling” focus?  Allegedly the answer involves the ORMEStar FireORMUS, or the white powder of gold.  By taking what is known as Manna, the “What is it” of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, one may be able to achieve the ultimate in spiritual experiences — to be able to channel in a superconducting mode.  The ORME is reputed to facilitate the ability of the consumer to transform his or her electrons into positrons (particles of light), and thus to shift into a superconducting state.  In such a state, the ORME consumer can channel and reap the appropriate rewards, hopefully without burning up the circuitry (also known as the “brain”).  (Meditation is also a possibility, but likely a longer path.)

Then there was the orchestra leader, who upon being electrocuted in the electric chair, did not die — supposedly because he was a lousy conductor.  On the other hand, if he had been a “superconductor”, the current passing through his body might have had no effect, and he would have been unharmed as well — even if he had been a competent professional!

Is there, perhaps, another way?  (Other than to learn how to conduct music.)  If the ORME is unavailable, or for any number of reasons we encounter the situation wherein the “white powder of gold” has become a tool of  Dem Wid de Gold; is there somewhere else we can turn?

In the physics of The Fifth Element, the third derivative (akin to Arthur Young’s third derivative) is a term nearly identical in form to the Resistance term, but with a negative sign!  In effect, the third derivative term might be thought of as a negative resistance!  (And if resistance implies pain, imagine what negative resistance implies!)  With a negative resistance in the circuit, energy or current can flow with even greater ease than in the superconducting case.  The negative resistance actually contributes to propelling the flow through the circuit.  Therefore, an ability to utilize the third derivative in one’s thinking might be an improvement over even the ORME’s ability to facilitate channeling without over heating.  But how does one do that?

The critical aspect of the third derivative term is that it involves in the mechanical system, both mass, a time delay term, and a change in the rate of acceleration.  In the case of an electrical circuit — our preferred analogy — it involves inductance, a similar time delay term, and the acceleration of current.  Abrupt changes or impulses in the current, for example, increases the magnitude (given a constant inductance and time delay).

This may be analogous to being able to mentally construct a thought (in the form of a sharp, mental impulse) and then immediately lets it go!  It’s much like parking prosperity where one visualizes a convenient parking space near their destination, immediately lets it go (i.e. doesn’t worry or think about it after the quick visualization), and then easily finds the parking place upon arrival.  All of this is the concept of an abrupt, sudden, radical change in one’s paradigm, and afterwards, just as in the case of faults, not dwelling on them!  (The foregoing pun, incidentally, was intentional, inasmuch as it was an example of a sudden change in thinking or perspective — which is the basis of most positive humor, and possibly the basis of tapping into the equivalent of a superconducting state of mind.)

What is the analogy of the inductance?  Inductance is “the property of an electric circuit that causes an electromotive force to be generated by a change in the current flowing.”  On the one hand, force can be viewed as the means by which manifestation is accomplished.  The current might then be construed as the channeling of energy, while a change in the current is about the rapid pulsings of the energy (i.e. the vibrations and/or frequencies being transmitted).  Inductance might, therefore, be akin to righteousness!

With less religious overtones, Inductance might be equated to Intention.  Neither good nor bad intention, but simply intention.  Intention, in turn, might be increased with focus or attention to specifics.  If the purpose of meditation is to eliminate distracting thoughts, then perhaps meditation is an exercise in increasing one’s mental Inductance.  (The idea in meditation of eliminating all thoughts and concentrating on nothingness is, perhaps, an unfortunate misunderstanding.  It’s good for exercise purposes, but ultimately, the ability to focus may have been developed in order to focus on specific, action-oriented thoughts.)

In the third derivative term, there is also a time delay factor.  This term can be described in a mechanical system, as the time for the impulse force to reach the center of mass of the impacted object and return to the point of impact.  I.e. the larger the object impacted, the larger the time delay (assuming the same rate of propagation of the information or impulse in the object).  In an electrical circuit it’s the dimension of the circuit, i.e. the length of a coil, for example.  In diminutive systems, the time delay factor might be viewed as quite small and even approaching zero (thus the third derivative term also tending toward zero).

However, if the extent of the “circuitry” is based upon the extent to which the system is tapping into the more distant reaches of the universe, then the time delay portion of the third derivative term becomes ever more significant.  This might correspond to the degree in which we embrace all of existence — or at the very least, something extending beyond the immediate concerns of the up close and personal concerns of the individual ego.  The latter might be something termed, Expassion (i.e. an external compassion for all things outside of the ego).  The more one is reaching out and feeling connected (as opposed to being a shell hermit), the more likely one has a very large circuit… or network!

It’s been said that the only viable Social Security is your friends — i.e. networks are good.  Alternatively, Social InSecurity has some really serious limitations.

Does the ORME assist in this endeavor?  Certainly from the viewpoint of eliminating distracting thoughts (i.e. staking a claim to the remnants or expecting commissions on the energy flow), the ORME might indeed be an equivalent means of increasing Inductance.  Inductance does, of course, sound very much like conductance, perhaps even a form of superconductance.  (And of course, “ductance” refers to the ability of duct tape to be used on anything that moves and shouldn’t — while grease is used for anything that doesn’t move and should.)  [I have no shame -- which is a good thing.]

All things are indeed connected, including theories.  I.e. the third derivative of The Fifth Element could be related in a straight-forward manner to Superconductivity and the ORME (as well as Consciousness).  Consider the following:

Inductance increased to Super-Inductance (Intention) and multiplied by the Expassion, times the frequency of the channeled energy equals the third derivative contribution.  In the ORME case, the contribution consists of the Superconductance times Righteousness times frequency of the channeled energy.  Pretty much the same thing.

But ancient traditions have known this all along.  Right?

Right.  So, what are your Intentions now in Creating Reality?  Think about it!

What is Consciousness?

The Problem of Consciousness

Conventional explanations portray consciousness as an emergent property of classical computer-like activities in the brain’s neural networks. The prevailing views among scientists in this camp are that 1) patterns of neural network activities correlate with mental states, 2) synchronous network oscillations in thalamus and cerebral cortex temporally bind information, and 3) consciousness emerges as a novel property of computational complexity among neurons.

However, these approaches appear to fall short in fully explaining certain enigmatic features of consciousness, such as:

  • The nature of subjective experience, or ‘qualia’- our ‘inner life’ (Chalmers’ “hard problem”);
  • Binding of spatially distributed brain activities into unitary objects in vision, and a coherent sense of self, or ‘oneness’;
  • Transition from pre-conscious processes to consciousness itself;
  • Non-computability, or the notion that consciousness involves a factor which is neither random, nor algorithmic, and that consciousness cannot be simulated (Penrose, 1989, 1994, 1997);
  • Free will; and,
  • Subjective time flow.

Brain imaging technologies demonstrate anatomical location of activities which appear to correlate with consciousness, but which may not be directly responsible for consciousness.

Figure 1. PET scan image of brain showing visual and auditory recognition (from S Petersen, Neuroimaging Laboratory, Washington University, St. Louis. Also see J.A. Hobson “Consciousness,” Scientific American Library, 1999, p. 65).

Figure 2. Electrophysiological correlates of consciousness.

How do neural firings lead to thoughts and feelings? The conventional (a.k.a. functionalist, reductionist, materialist, physicalist, computationalist) approach argues that neurons and their chemical synapses are the fundamental units of information in the brain, and that conscious experience emerges when a critical level of complexity is reached in the brain’s neural networks.

The basic idea is that the mind is a computer functioning in the brain (brain = mind = computer). However in fitting the brain to a computational view, such explanations omit incompatible neurophysiological details:

  • Widespread apparent randomness at all levels of neural processes (is it really noise, or underlying levels of complexity?);
  • Glial cells (which account for some 80% of brain);
  • Dendritic-dendritic processing;
  • Electrotonic gap junctions;
  • Cytoplasmic/cytoskeletal activities; and,
  • Living state (the brain is alive!)

A further difficulty is the absence of testable hypotheses in emergence theory. No threshold or rationale is specified; rather, consciousness “just happens”.

Finally, the complexity of individual neurons and synapses is not accounted for in such arguments. Since many forms of motile single-celled organisms lacking neurons or synapses are able to swim, find food, learn, and multiply through the use of their internal cytoskeleton, can they be considered more advanced than neurons?

Figure 3. Single cell paramecium can swim and avoid obstacles using its cytoskeleton.

Are neurons merely simple switches?

2. Microtubules

Activities within cells ranging from single-celled organisms to the brain’s neurons are organized by a dynamic scaffolding called the cytoskeleton, whose major components are microtubules. Hollow, crystalline cylinders 25 nanometers in diameter, microtubules are comprised of hexagonal lattices of proteins, known as tubulin. Microtubules are essential to cell shape, function, movement, and division. In neurons microtubules self-assemble to extend axons and dendrites and form synaptic connections, then help to maintain and regulate synaptic activity responsible for learning and cognitive functions. Microtubules interact with membrane structures mechanically by linking proteins, chemically by ions and “second-messenger” signals, and electrically by voltage fields.

Figure 4. Schematic view of two neurons connected by chemical synapse. Axon terminal (above) releases neurotransmitter vesicles which bind receptors on post-synaptic dendritic spine. Within neurons are visible cytoskeletal structures microtubules (“MTs” – thicker tubes) as well as actin, synapsin and others which connect MTs to membranes. Also, MT-associated proteins (“MAPs”) interconnect MTs.

Figure 5. Immunoelectron micrograph of dendritic microtubules interconnected by MAPs. Some MTs have been sheared, revealing internal hollow core. The granular “corn-cob” surface of MTs is barely evident to close inspection. Scale bar, lower left: 100 nanometers. With permission from Hirokawa, 1991.

Figure 6. Crystallographic structure of microtubules.

While microtubules have traditionally been considered as purely structural elements, recent evidence has revealed that mechanical signaling and communication functions also exist:

  • MT “kinks” travel at 15 microns (2000 tubulin subunits) per second. Vernon and Woolley (1995) Experimental Cell Research 220(2)482-494
  • MTs vibrate (100-650 Hz) with nanometer displacement. Yagi, Kamimura, Kaniya (1994) Cell motility and the cytoskeleton 29:177-185
  • MTs optically “shimmer” when metabolically active. Hunt and Stebbings (1994), Cell motility and the cytoskeleton 17:69-78
  • Mechanical signals propogate through microtubules to cell nucleus; mechanism for MT regulation of gene expression. Maniotis, Chen and Ingber (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94:849-854
  • Measured tubulin dipoles and MT conductivity suggest MTs are ferroelectric at physiological temperature (Tuszynski; Unger 1998)

Current models propose that tubulins within microtubules undergo coherent excitation, switching between two or more conformational states in nanoseconds. Dipole couplings among neighboring tubulins in the microtubule lattice form dynamical patterns, or “automata,” which evolve, interact and lead to the emergence of new patterns. Research indicates that microtubule automata computation could support classical information processing, transmission and learning within neurons.

Figure 7. Left: Microtubule (MT) structure: a hollow tube of 25 nanometers diameter, consisting of 13 columns of tubulin dimers arranged in a skewed hexagonal lattice (Penrose, 1994). Right (top): Each tubulin molecule may switch between two (or more) conformations, coupled to London forces in a hydrophobic pocket. Right (bottom): Each tubulin can also exist (it is proposed) in quantum superposition of both conformational states.

Figure 8. Microtubule automaton simulation (from Rasmussen et al., 1990). Eight nanosecond time steps of a segment of one microtubule are shown in “classical computing” mode in which conformational states of tubulins are determined by dipole-dipole coupling between each tubulin and its six (asymmetrical) lattice neighbors. Conformational states form patterns which move, evolve, interact and lead to emergence of new patterns.

Microtubule automata switching offers a potentially vast increase in the computational capacity of the brain. Conventional approaches focus on synaptic switching at the neural level which optimally yields about 1018 operations per second in human brains (~1011 neurons/brain with ~104 synapses/neuron, switching at ~103 sec-1). Microtubule automata switching can explain some 1027 operations per second (~1011 neurons with ~107 tubulins/neuron, switching at ~109sec-1). Indeed, the fact that all biological cells typically contain approximately 107 tubulins could account for the adaptive behaviors of single-celled organisms which have no nervous system or synapses. Rather than simple switches, neurons are complex computers.

3. Pan-experiential philosophy meets modern physics

Still, greater computational complexity and ultra-reductionism to the level of microtubule automata cannot address the enigmatic features of consciousness, in particular the nature of conscious experience. Something more is required. If functional approaches and emergence are incomplete, perhaps the raw components of mental processes (qualia) are fundamental properties of nature (like mass, spin or charge). This view has long been held by pan-psychists throughout the ages, for example Buddhists and Eastern philosophers claim a “universal mind.” Following the ancient Greeks, Spinoza argued in the 17th century that some form of consciousness existed in everything physical. The 19th century mathematician Leibniz proposed that the universe was composed of an infinite number of fundamental units, or “monads,” with each possessing a form of primitive psychological being. In the 20th century, Russell claimed that there was a common entity underlying both mental and physical processes, while Wheeler and Chalmers have maintained that there exists an experiential aspect to fundamental information.

Of particular interest is the work of the 20th century philosopher Alfred North Whitehead, whose pan-experiential view remains most consistent with modern physics. Whitehead argued that consciousness is a process of events occurring in a wide, basic field of proto-conscious experience. These events, or “occasions of experience,” may be comparable to quantum state reductions, or actual events in physical reality (Shimony, 1993). This suggests that consciousness may involve quantum state reductions (e.g. a form of quantum computation).

But what of Whitehead’s basic field of proto-conscious experience? In what medium are the “occasions of experience” (?quantum state reductions) occurring? Could proto-conscious qualia simply exist in the empty space of the universe?

What is empty space? Historically, empty space has been described as either an absolute void or a pattern of fundamental geometry. Democritus and the Michaelson-Morley results argued for “nothingness” while Aristotle (“plenum”) and Maxwell (“ether”) rejected the notion of emptiness in favor of “something” – a background pattern. Einstein weighed in on both sides of this debate, initially supporting the concept of a void with his theory of special relativity but then reversing himself in his theory of general relativity and its curved space and geometric distortions-the space-time metric. Could proto-conscious qualia be properties of the metric, fundamental space-time geometry?

What is fundamental space-time geometry? We know that at extremely small scales, space-time is not smooth, but quantized. Quantum electrodynamics and quantum field theory predict virtual particle/waves (or photons) that pop into and out of existence, creating quantum “foam” in their wake. The presence of virtual photons in space-time has been verified (Lamoreaux, 1997).

Figure 9. Quantum electodynamics (QED) predicts a foam of erupting and collapsing virtual particles which may be visualized as topographic distortions of the fabric of spacetime. Adapted from Thorne (1994) by Dave Cantrell.

Figure 10. A: The Casimir force of the quantum vacuum zero point fluctuation energy may be measured by placing two macroscopic surfaces separated by a tiny gap d1. As some virtual photons are excluded in the gap, the net “quantum foam” pressure forces the surfaces together. In Lamoreaux’s (1997) experiment, d1 was in the range of 0.6 to 6.0 microns (~1500 nanometers). B: George Hall (1996; 1997) has calculated the Casimir force on microtubules. As the force is proportional to d-4, and d2 for microtubules is 15 nanometers, the predicted Casimir force is 106 greater on microtubules (per equivalent surface area) than that measured by Lamoreaux. Hall calculates a range of Casimir force on microtubules (length dependent) from 0.5 to 20 atmospheres.

At the basic level, this granularity has been modeled by Roger Penrose as a dynamic web of quantum spins. These “spin networks” create an array of geometric volumes and configurations at the Planck scale (10-33 cm, 10-43 secs) which dynamically evolve and define space-time geometry.

Figure 11. A spin network. Introduced by Roger Penrose (1971) as a quantum mechanical description of the geometry of space, spin networks describe spectra of discrete Planck scale volumes and configurations (with permission, Rovelli and Smolin, 1995).

If spin networks are the fundamental level of space-time geometry, they could provide the basis for proto-conscious experience. In other words, particular configurations of quantum spin geometry would convey particular types of qualia, meaning and aesthetic values. A process at the Planck scale (e.g. quantum state reductions) could access and select configurations of experience.

For illustration, 4 dimensional space-time geometry is often portrayed as a 2 dimensional “space-time sheet.”

Figure 12. According to Einstein’s general relativity, mass is equivalent to curvature in spacetime geometry. Penrose applies this equivalence to the fundamental Planck scale. The motion of an object between two conformational states of a protein such as tubulin (top) is equivalent to two curvatures in spacetime geometry as represented as a two-dimensional spacetime sheet (bottom).

4. Quantum computing and consciousness

If proto-conscious information is embedded at the near-infinitesimal Planck scale, how could it be linked to biology? To begin, Penrose extends Einstein’s theory of general relativity (in which mass equates to curvature in space-time) down to the Planck scale. As a result, specific arrangements of mass are, in reality, specific configurations of space-time geometry. Events at the very small scale, however, are subject to the seemingly bizarre goings-on of quantum theory.

A century of experimental observation of quantum systems have shown that, at least at small scales, particles (mass) can exist in two or more states or locations simultaneously (quantum superposition). Penrose takes superposition (e.g. a mass in two places simultaneously) to be simultaneous space-time curvature in opposite directions – a separation, or bubble (“blister”) in underlying reality.

Figure 13. Mass superposition, e.g. a protein occupying two different conformational states simultaneously (top) is equivalent, according to Penrose, to simultaneous spacetime curvature in opposite directions – a separation, or bubble (“blister”) in fundamental spacetime geometry.

Figure 14. Spacetime superposition/separation bubble (bottom) will reduce, or collapse to one or the other spacetime curvatures (top).

Superposition and subsequent reduction, or collapse, to single, classical states may have profoundly important applications in technology, as well as toward the understanding of consciousness. In the 1980s Benioff, Feynman, Deutsch and other physicists proposed that states in a quantum system could interact (via entanglement) and enact computation while in quantum superposition of all possible states (“quantum computing”). Classical computing processes bits (or conformational states) as 1 or 0, quantum computations involve the processing of superpositioned “qubits” of both 1 and 0 (and other states) simultaneously.

Figure 15. Qubits useful in quantum computation may exist in two or more (“both”) states simultaneously prior to collapse, or reduction (left), and then in single, classical (“either, or”) states after reduction (right). Spin, quantum dots and photon polarization qubits have been proposed and/or demonstrated in prototype quantum computers, and tubulin proteins and spacetime geometry are proposed in the Orch OR model to perform as qubits also.

Quantum theory also tells us that two or more particles, if once together, will remain somehow connected (“entangled”), even when separated by great distances. Qubits can interact by quantum entanglement, so that quantum computing is able to achieve a nearly infinite parallel computational ability. Quantum computers, if they can be constructed, will be able to solve imprtant problems (e.g. factoring large numbers) with efficiency unattainable in classical computers (Shor, 1994).

Researchers have developed a “Figure of Merit” M for proposed quantum computing technologies (Modified from Barenco, 1996 & DiVincenzo, 1995). M is related to the number of elementary operations performed per qubit before the superposition/computation is disrupted by decoherence (or in the case of microtubules in the Orch OR proposal, before objective reduction terminates the superposition).

Technology telem
(sec)
Tdecoherence
(sec)
M (operations/qubit
pre-decoherence)
Mossbauer nucleus 10-19 10-10 109
Electrons GaAs 10-13 10-10 103
Electrons Au 10-14 10-8 106
Trapped ions 10-14 10-1 1013
Optical cavities 10-14 10-5 109
Electron spin 10-7 10-3 104
Electron quantum dots 10-6 10-3 103
Nuclear spin 10-3 104 107
Superconductor islands 10-9 103 106
Microtubule tubulins 10-9 10-1 108

Results, or solutions in quantum computing are obtained when, after a period of quantum superposition/computation, the qubits “collapse”, or reduce to classical bit states (“collapse of the wave function”). As quantum superposition may only occur in isolation from environment, collapse (reduction) may be induced by breaching isolation (this is what is envisioned in technological quantum computers – making a measurement). But what about quantum superpositions which remain isolated, for example Schrodinger’s mythical cat which is both dead and alive? This is the famous problem of collapse of the wave function, or quantum state reduction.

5. Roger Penrose’s ‘objective reduction’ OR

How or why do quantum superpositioned states which avoid environmental interactions become classical and definite in the macro-world? Many physicists now believe that some objective factor disturbs the superposition and causes it to collapse. Roger Penrose proposes that this factor is an intrinsic feature of space-time geometry itself – quantum gravity. According to Penrose’s interpretation of general relativity, quantum superposition (e.g. separation of mass from itself) is equivalent to separation in underlying space-time geometry-simultaneous space-time curvatures in opposite directions. Penrose argues that these separations in fundamental reality, (“bubbles, or blisters”) are unstable-even when isolated from the environment-and will reduce spontaneously (and non-computably) to specific states at a critical threshold of space-time separation (thereby avoiding the need for “multiple worlds”). This objective threshold is defined by the indeterminacy principle:

E = h/T

where E is the gravitational self-energy of the superposed mass separated from itself, h is Planck’s constant divided by 2pi, and T is the coherence time until collapse occurs. Thus, the size and energy of a system in superposition, or the degree of space-time separation, is inversely related to the time T until reduction. (E can be calculated from the superposed mass mand the separation distance a. See e.g. Hameroff and Penrose, 1996a.)

Assuming isolation, the following masses in superposition would collapse at the designated times, according to Penrose’s objective reduction:

Mass (m) Time (T)
Nucleon 107 years
Beryllium ion 106 years
Water Speck
10-5 cm radius Hours
10-4 cm radius 1/20 second
10-3 cm radius 10-3 seconds
Schrodinger’s cat (m=1kg, a=10 cm) 10-37 seconds

If quantum computation with objective reduction were occurring in the brain, enigmatic features of consciousness (see Section above – The Problem of Consciousness) could be explained:

  • By occurring as a self-organizing process in what is suggested to be a pan-experiential medium of fundamental spacetime geometry, objective reductions could account for the nature of subjective experience by accessing and selecting proto-conscious qualia.
  • By virtue of involvement of unitary (entangled) quantum states during pre-conscious quantum computation and the unity of quantum information selected in each objective reduction, the issue of binding may be resolved.
  • Regarding the transitions from pre-conscious processes to consciousness itself, the pre-conscious processes may equate to the quantum superposition/quantum computation phase, and consciousness itself to the actual (instantaneous) objective reduction events. Consciousness may then be seen as a sequence of discrete events (e.g. at 40 Hz).
  • As Penrose objective reductions are proposed to be non-computable (reflecting influences from space-time geometry which are neither random, nor algorithmic) conscious choices and understanding may be similarly non-computable.
  • Free will may be seen as a combination of deterministic pre-conscious processes acted on by a non-computable influence.
  • Subjective time flow derives from a sequence of irreversible quantum state reductions.

Could objective reduction be occurring in the brain? If so (from E = h/T) time T would be expected to coincide with known neurophysiological processes with time scales from tens to hundreds of milliseconds (e.g. 25 msec for coherent 40 Hz, 100 msec for alpha EEG, 500 msec for sensory threshold events such as Libet’s famous 1979 experiments). In what types of brain structures might quantum computation with objective reduction occur? For T in this range we can calculate (from E = h/T, and with E related to mass m as described in Hameroff and Penrose, 1996a) that superpositioned mass m in the nanogram range would be required for conscious events of 40 to 500 msec. What brain components in nanogram quantitites could support quantum computation and objective reduction? What is m?

6. Are proteins qubits?

Biological life is organized by proteins. By changing their conformational shape, proteins are able to perform a wide variety of functions, including muscle movement, molecular binding, enzyme catalysis, metabolism, and movement. Dynamical protein structure results from a “delicate balance among powerful countervailing forces” (Voet & Voet, 1995). The types of forces acting on proteins include charged interactions (such as covalent, ionic, electrostatic, and hydrogen bonds), hydrophobic interactions, and dipole interactions. The latter group, also known as van der Waals forces, encompasses three types of interactions:

  • permanent dipole – permanent dipole,
  • permanent dipole – induced dipole, and
  • induced dipole – induced dipole (London dispersion forces)

As charged interactions cancel out, hydrophobic and dipole – dipole forces are left to regulate protein structure. While induced dipole – induced dipole interactions, or London dispersion forces, are the weakest of the forces outlined above, they are also the most numerous and influential. Indeed, they may be critical to protein function. For example, anesthetics are able to bind in hydrophobic “pockets” of certain neural proteins and ablate consciousness by virtue of disrupting these London forces. London force attraction between any two atoms is usually less than a few kilojoules; however, since thousands occur in each protein, they add up to thousands of kilojoules per mole, and cause changes in conformational structure. As London forces are instrumental in protein folding (a problem intractable to conventional computational simulation), protein conformation and folding may be quantum computations.

Figure 16. A type of van der Waals force, the London dispersion force, is quantum mechanical and governs both protein conformation.

Figure 17. A. An anesthetic gas molecule (A) in a hydrophobic pocket of critical brain protein (receptors, channels, tubulin etc.) prevents normally occurring London forces, preventing protein conformational dynamics and superposition necessary for consciousness. B. A psychedelic hallucinogen (P) acts in hydrophobic pocket in critical brain protein to promote and sustain superposition, ‘expanding’ consciousness (see Figure 25).

Figure 18. A. Protein qubit. A protein such as tubulin can exist in two conformations determined by quantum London forces in hydrophobic pocket (top), or superposition of both conformations (bottom). B. The protein qubit corresponds to two alternative spacetime curvatures (top), and superposition/separation (bubble) of both curvatures (bottom).

If proteins are qubits, arrays or assemblies of proteins in some type of organelle or biomolecular structure could be a quantum computer. Ideal structures would be:

  • Abundant;
  • Capable of information processing and computation;
  • Functionally important (e.g., regulating synapses);
  • Self-organizing;
  • Tunable by input information (e.g., microtubule-associated protein orchestration);
  • Periodic and crystal-like in structure (e.g., dipole lattice);
  • Isolated (transiently) from environmental decoherence;
  • Conformationally coupled to quantum events (e.g., London forces);
  • Cylindrical wave-guide structure; and,
  • Plasma-like charge layer coating.

While various structures/organelles have been suggested (e.g., membrane proteins, clathrins, myelin, pre-synaptic grids, and calcium ions), the most logical candidates are microtubule automata.

Figure 19. The Penrose-Hameroff Orch OR model was hatched on a hike in the Grand Canyon following the Tucson I conference in April, 1994. From left: David Chalmers, Rhett Savage, Marie-Francoise Insinna, Seamus O’Morain, Stuart Hameroff, Roger Penrose, Vanessa Penrose, Jeff Tollaksen. Photo by Ezio Insinna.

7. Microtubule quantum automata – The ‘Orch OR’ model

The Penrose – Hameroff model of “orchestrated objective reduction” (Orch OR) proposes that:

  • Quantum superposition/computation occur in microtubule automata within brain neurons and glia.;
  • Tubulin subunits within microtubules act as qubits, switching between states on a nanosecond (10-9 sec) scale governed by quantum London forces in hydrophobic pockets;
  • Tubulin qubits interact computationally by nonlocal quantum entanglement according to the Schrodinger equation;

Figure 20. The basic idea in the Orch OR model is that each tubulin in a microtubule is a qubit.

Figure 21. Microtubule automaton sequence simulation in which classical computing (step 1) leads to emergence of quantum coherent superposition (steps 2-6) in certain (gray) tubulins due to pattern resonance. Step 6 (in coherence with other microtubule tubulins) meets critical threshold related to quantum gravity for self-collapse (Orch OR). Consciousness (Orch OR) occurs in the step 6 to 7 transition. Step 7 represents the eigenstate of mass distribution of the collapse which evolves by classical computing automata to regulate neural function. Quantum coherence begins to re-emerge in step 8.


  • pre-conscious processing which continues until the threshold for objective reduction (OR) is reached by E = h/T;
  • At that instant collapse, or OR occurs which is an actual event in fundamental space-time geometry. This event selects a particular configuration of Planck-scale experiential geometry, enacting a “moment of awareness,” “occasion of experience” or conscious event.

Figure 22. Schematic graph of proposed pre-conscious quantum superposition (number of tubulins) emerging versus time in microtubules. Area under curve connects superposed mass energy E with collapse time T in accordance with E=(h/T. E may be expressed as nt, the number of tubulins whose mass separation (and separation of underlying space time) for time T will self-collapse. For T = 25 msec (e.g. 40 Hz oscillations), nt = 2 x 1010 tubulins.

Figure 23. Schematic of quantum computation of three tubulins which begin (left) in initial classical states, then enter isolated quantum superposition in which all possible states coexist. After reduction, one particular classical outcome state is chosen (right).

Figure 24. Schematic quantum computation in spacetime curvature for three mass distributions (e.g. tubulin conformations in Figure 23) which begin (left) in initial classical states, then enter isolated quantum superposition in which all possible states coexist. After reduction, one particular classical outcome state is chosen (right).


  • A sequence of OR events (e.g. at 40 Hz) provides a forward flow of subjective time and “stream” of consciousness;

Figure 25. Quantum superposition/entanglement in microtubules for 5 states related to consciousness. Area under each curve equivalent in all cases. A. Normal 30 Hz experience: as in Figure 22. B. Anesthesia: anesthetics bind in hydrophobic pockets and prevent quantum delocalizability and coherent superposition. C. Heightened Experience: increased sensory experience input (for example) increases rate of emergence of quantum superposition. Orch OR threshold is reached faster, and Orch OR frequency increases. D. Altered State: even greater rate of emergence of quantum superposition due to sensory input and other factors promoting quantum state (e.g. meditation, psychedelic drug etc.). Predisposition to quantum state results in baseline shift and collapse so that conscious experience merges with normally sub-conscious quantum computing mode. E. Dreaming: prolonged sub-threshold quantum superposition time.


  • At the nanoscale each event determines new classical states of microtubule automata which regulate synaptic and other neural functions;
  • During the pre-conscious quantum superposition/computation phase, oscillations are “tuned” and “orchestrated” by microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs), providing a feedback loop between the biological system and the quantum state (hence Orch OR);
  • Quantum states in microtubules may link to those in microtubules in other neurons and glia by tunneling through gap junctions, permitting extension of the quantum state throughout significant volumes of the brain.

Figure 26. Schematic of proposed quantum superposition and entanglement in microtubules in three dendrites interconnected by tunneling through gap junctions. Within each neuronal dendrite, microtubule-associated-protein (MAP) attachments breach isolation and prevent quantum coherence; MAP attachment sites thus act as “nodes” which tune and orchestrate quantum oscillations and set possibilities and probabilities for collapse outcomes (orchestrated objective reduction: Orch OR). Gap junctions may enable quantum tunneling among dendrites resulting in macroscopic quantum states.


From E = h/T we can calculate the size and extension of Orch OR events which correlate with subjective or neurophysiological descriptions of conscious events.

Event T E
Buddhist “moment of awareness” 13 ms 4 x 1015 nucleons
(4 x 1010 tubulins/cell ~ 40,000 neurons)
“Coherent 40 Hz” oscillations” 25 ms 2 x 1015 nucleons
(2 x 1010 tubulins/cell ~ 20,000 neurons)
EEG alpha rhythm (8 to 12 Hz) 100 ms 5 x 1014 nucleons
(5 x 109 tubulins/cell ~ 5000 neurons)
Libet’s sensory threshold (1979) 500ms 1014 nucleons
(109 tubulins/cell ~ 1000 neurons)

But how could delicate quantum superposition/computation be isolated from environmental decoherence in the brain (generally considered to be a noisy thermal bath) while also communicating (input/output) with the environment? One possibility is that quantum superposition/computation occurs in an isolation phase which alternates with a communicative phase, for example at 40 Hz. One of the most primitive biological functions is the transition of cytoplasm between a liquid, solution (“sol”) phase, and a solid, gelatinous (“gel”) phase due to assembly and disassembly of the cytoskeletal protein actin. Actin sol-gel transitions can occur at 40 Hz or faster, and are known to be involved in neuronal synaptic release mechanisms.

Mechanisms for enabling microtubule quantum computation and avoiding decoherence long enough to reach threshold may include:

  • Sol-gel transitions;

Figure 27. Immunoelectron micrograph of cytoplasm showing microtubules (arrows), intermediate filaments (arrowheads) and actin microfilaments (mf). Dense gel of actin (lower left) completely obscures (?isolates) microtubules. Actin sol-gel transitions can occur at 40 Hz or faster. Scale bar (upper right): 500 nanometers. With permission from Svitkina et al, 1995.


  • Plasma phase sleeves (Sackett);

Figure 28. Dan Sackett at NIH recently described a plasma-like sleeve of charged ions surrounding microtubules at precisely optimal pH.


  • Quantum excitations/ordering of surrounding water (Jibu/Yasue/Hagan);
  • Hydrophobic pockets;
  • Hollow microtubule cores;
  • Laser-like pumping, including environment (Frohlich, Conrad).
  • Quantum error correcting codes

Another apparent obstacle to the Orch OR proposal is how the weak energy involved in the gravitational collapse can be influential. For a detailed description of this problem and potential solutions, see Hameroff, 1998c. One possibility is that the gravitational self-energy is delivered to the involved tubulins via London forces virtually instantaneously (e.g. within one Planck time) so that the power (energy/time) is significant – approximately one kilowatt per tubulin per Orch OR event.

8. Orch OR, cognition and free will

Quantum computation with objective reduction (Orch OR) is potentially applicable to cognitive activities. While classical neural-level computation can provide a partial explanation, the Orch OR model allows far greater information capacity, and addresses issues of conscious experience, binding, and non-computability consistent with free will. Functions like face recognition and volitional choice may require a series of conscious events arriving at intermediate solutions. For the purpose of illustration consider single Orch OR events in these two types of cognitive activities.

Imagine you briefly see a familiar woman’s face. Is she Amy, Betty, or Carol? Possibilities may superpose in a quantum computation. For example during 25 milliseconds of pre-conscious processing, quantum computation occurs with information (Amy, Betty, Carol) in the form of “qubits”3/4superposed states of microtubule tubulin subunits within groups of neurons. As threshold for objective reduction is reached, an instantaneous conscious event occurs. The superposed tubulin qubits reduce to definite states, becoming bits. Now, you recognize that she is Carol! (an immense number of possibilities could be superposed in a human brain’s 1019 tubulins).

Figure 29. Face recognition. A familiar face induces superposition (left) of three possible solutions (Amy, Betty, Carol) which “collapse” to the correct answer Carol (right). Volitional choice. Three possible dinner selections (shrimp, sushi, pasta) are considered in superposition (left), and collapse via Orch OR to choice of sushi (right).


In a volitional act possible choices may be superposed. Suppose for example you are selecting dinner from a menu. During pre-conscious processing, shrimp, sushi and pasta are superposed in a quantum computation. As threshold for objective reduction is reached, the quantum state reduces to a single classical state. A choice is made. You’ll have sushi!

How does the choice actually occur? In a conventional neural network scheme, the selection criteria can be described by a deterministic algorithm which precludes the possibility of free will. The non-computable influence in Orch OR may be useful in understanding free will.

The problem in understanding free will is that our actions seem neither totally deterministic nor random (probabilistic). What else is there in nature? As previously described, in OR (and Orch OR) the reduction outcomes are neither deterministic nor probabilistic, but involve a factor which is “non-computable.” The microtubule quantum superposition evolves linearly (analogous to a quantum computer) but is influenced at the instant of collapse by hidden non-local variables (quantum-mathematical logic inherent in fundamental spacetime geometry). The possible outcomes are limited, or probabilities set (“orchestrated”), by neurobiological feedback (in particular microtubule associated proteins, or MAPs). The precise outcome3/4our free will actions3/4are chosen by effects of the hidden logic on the quantum system poised at the edge of objective reduction.

Figure 30. Free will may be seen as the result of deterministic processes (behavior of trained robot windsurfer) acted on repeatedly by non-computable influences, here represented as a seemingly capricious wind.


Consider a sailboard analogy for free will. A sailor sets the sail in a certain way; the direction the board sails is determined by the action of the wind on the sail. Let’s pretend the sailor is a non-conscious robot zombie run by a quantum computer which is trained and programmed to sail. Setting and adjusting of the sail, sensing the wind and position, jibing and tacking (turning the board) are algorithmic and deterministic, and may be analogous to the pre-conscious, quantum computing phase of Orch OR. The direction and intensity of the wind (seemingly capricious, or unpredictable) may be considered analogous to Planck scale hidden non-local variables (e.g. “Platonic” quantum-mathematical logic inherent in space-time geometry). The choice, or outcome (the direction the boat sails, the point on shore it lands) depends on the deterministic sail settings acted on repeatedly by the apparently unpredictable wind. Our “free will” actions could be the net result of deterministic processes acted on by hidden quantum logic at each Orch OR event. This can explain why we generally do things in an orderly, deterministic fashion, but occasionally our actions or thoughts are surprising, even to ourselves.

9. Consciousness and evolution

When in the course of evolution did consciousness first appear? Are all living organisms conscious, or did consciousness emerge more recently, e.g. with language or toolmaking? Or did consciousness appear somewhere in between, and if so, when and why? The Orch OR model (unlike other models of consciousness) is able to make a prediction as to the onset of consciousness. Based on E = h/T we can ask, for example, is it feasible for single cell organisms such as paramecium (which exhibit complex behavior such as graceful swimming, mating and learning) to be conscious? Single cells including paramecium should contain approximately 107 tubulins, so T would be 50,000 msec, or nearly one minute. This seems unlikely. Larger organisms such as the nematode worm (e.g., C. elegans) with 300 neurons (3 x 109 tubulins) would need to maintain quantum isolation for only 133 msec – not unreasonable. Such organisms (tiny worms and urchins) were prevalent at the beginning of the “Cambrian explosion,” a burst of evolution which occurred 540 million years ago. Did primitive consciousness (via Orch OR) accelerate evolution and precipitate the Cambrian explosion?

Figure 31. A time-line of when consciousness could have arisen.

The Cambrian explosion was a burst of evolution 540 million years ago. Organisms present at the Cambrian onset included small worms and urchins. Did consciousness (Orch OR) cause the Cambrian explosion?

Figure 32. Organisms present at the early Cambrian explosion (e.g. tiny urchins, worms and suctorians) are the right size for primitive consciousness by Orch OR.

Figure 33. Actinosphaerium is a tiny urchin like those present at the early Cambrian explosion. Each has about one hundred rigid axonemes about 300 microns long, made up of a total of about 3 x 109 tubulins (with permission from L.E. Roth).

Figure 34. Cross-section of single axoneme of actinosphaerium – a double spiral array of interconnected microtubules. Scale bar: 500 nm (with permission from L.E. Roth).


Would consciousness be advantageous to survival (above and beyond intelligent, complex behavior)? It seems that, yes, consciousness would indeed be advantageous to survival, and hence capable of accelerating evolution. Non-computable behavior (unpredictability, intuitive actions) would be beneficial in predator-prey relations. Having conscious experience of taste would promote finding food; the experience of pain would promote avoiding predators. And the pleasurable qualia of sex would promote reproduction.

So “what is it like to be a worm?” Lacking our sensory apparatus, associative memory and complex nervous system such primitive consciousness would be a mere glimmer, a disjointed smudge of reality. But qualitatively, at a basic level, such primitive consciousness would be akin to ours.

What about future evolution? Will consciousness occur in computers? The advent of quantum computers opens the possibility, however as presently envisioned quantum computers will have insufficient mass in superposition (e.g. electrons) to reach threshold for objective reduction. Instead, superpositions will be disrupted by environmental decoherence. Conceivably, future generations of quantum computers could satisfy requirements for objective reduction and consciousness.

10. Conclusions
  • Brain processes relevant to consciousness extend downward within neurons to the level of cytoskeletal microtubules.
  • An explanation for conscious experience requires (in addition to neuroscience and psychology) a modern form of pan-protopsychism in which proto-conscious qualia are embedded in the basic level of reality, as described by modern physics.
  • Roger Penrose’s physics of objective reduction (OR) connects brain structures to fundamental reality, leading to the Penrose-Hameroff model of quantum computation with objective reduction in microtubules (orchestrated objective reduction: Orch OR).
  • The Orch OR model is consistent with known neurophysiological processes, generates testable predictions, and is the type of fundamental, multi-level, interdisciplinary theory which may account for the mind’s enigmatic features.
11. Acknowledgments & References

Some of the newer ideas expresssed here may not necessarily reflect Roger’s view. Thanks to Dave Cantrell for illustrations, and Carol Ebbecke for expert technical assistance. For a list of testable predictions of the Orch OR model, see Hameroff, 1998c or e.

References

Penrose, R. (1989) The Emperor’s New Mind, Oxford Press, Oxford, U.K

Penrose, R. (1994) Shadows of the Mind, Oxford Press, Oxford, U.K.

Penrose, R., Hameroff, S.R. (1995) What gaps? Reply to Grush and Churchland. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2(2):99-112.

Hameroff, S.R., and Penrose, R., (1996a) Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: A model for consciousness. In: Toward a Science of Consciousness – The First Tucson Discussions and Debates, S.R. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak and A.C. Scott (eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.pp. 507-540. Also published in Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 40:453-480.

Hameroff, S.R., and Penrose, R. (1996b) Conscious events as orchestrated spacetime selections. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3(1):36-53.

Penrose, R. (1996) On gravity’s role in quantum state reduction. General relativity and gravitation. 28(5): 581-600

Penrose, R. (1997) On understanding understanding. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11(1):7-20.

Penrose R. (1998) The large, the small, and the human mind

Hameroff, S. (1998a) Did consciousness cause the Cambrian evolutionary explosion? In: Toward a Science of Consciousness II – The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates. Eds S Hameroff, A Kaszniak, A Scott. MIT Press, Cambridge MA pp 421-437

Hameroff, S. (1998b) “More neural than thou”: Reply to Churchland’s “Brainshy” in: Toward a Science of Consciousness II – The Second Tucson Discussions and Debates. Eds S Hameroff, A Kaszniak, A Scott. MIT Press, Cambridge MA pp 197-213

Hameroff, S. (1998c) Funda-mental geometry: The Penrose-Hameroff Orch OR model of consciousness. In: The geometric universe – Science, geometry and the work of Roger Penrose. Eds. S.A. Huggett, L.J. Mason, K.P. Tod, S.T. Tsou, and N.M.J. Woodhouse. Oxford Press, Oxford, U.K. pp 135-160

Hameroff, S. (1998d) “Funda-Mentality” – Is the conscious mind subtly connected to a basic level of the universe? Trends in Cognitive Science 2(4):119-127

Hameroff, S. (1998e) Quantum computation in microtubules? The Penrose-Hameroff ‘Orch OR’ model of consciousness. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A (London)356:1869-1896

Hameroff, S. (1998f) Anesthesia, consciousness and hydrophobic pockets – A unitary quantum hypothesis of anesthetic action. Toxicology Letters 100/101-31-39.

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Alexander Lauterwasser and the study of Cymatics

September 15, 2012 3 comments

 

Earths International Research Society has teamed up Alexander Lauterwasser in our efforts of Cymatic Research.

Alexander is a Researcher/Photographer currently involved with Cymatics. His research is one of the worlds most foregoing investigations on the subject of wave phenomena in matter.


Cymatics, the study of wave phenomena, was pioneered by Swiss medical doctor and natural scientist, Hans Jenny (1904-1972). This revised edition contains the complete English language text of thebilingual edition published in 1967, Kymatic/Cymatics, as well as the entire text from Cymatics, Vol. II, published in 1972. It also includes all of the photographs from the original editions which illustrate these amazing phenomena in vivid detail.

Dr. Jenny’s cymatic images are truly awe-inspiring, not only for their visual beauty in portraying the inherent responsiveness of matter to sound (vibration) but because they inspire a deep recognition that we, too, are part and parcel of this same complex and intricate vibrational matrix – the music of the spheres! These pages illumine the very principles which inspired the ancient Greek philosophers Heraclitus, Pythagoras and Plato, and cosmologists Giordano Bruno and Johannes Kepler.



Hans Jenny was a Renaissance man – medical doctor, painter, pianist, scientist and researcher – whose grasp of the history of science and philosophy gave him a vast perspective. He taught science at the Rudolf Steiner School in Zurich before beginning his practice as a family physician in Dornach, and was a life-long student of Anthroposophy.

As a natural scientist, Dr. Jenny explored the diversity of life forms, always with an eye toward the wholeness of nature. His insight into unseen forces of nature lay in his ability to perceive the distinctive characteristics of the individual as well as it’s archetypal form, whilenever loosing sight of the wholeness of the system which gives rise to both! Firmly rooted in phenomenology, he was, at the same time, on the leading edge of “systems thinking.”

For Jenny, Cymatics was no mere philosophical conjecture, but a way of life, or perhaps, a way into life. He was a true mystic, a seeker into the infinitude of Nature, questing for the realization of what it is to be truly human.


The History of Cymatics

Cymatics is the study of sound and vibration made visible, typically on the surface of a plate, diaphragm or membrane. Direct ocular viewing of vibrations involves exciting inorganic matter such as particulate matter, pastes (both magnetic and non magnetic) and liquids under the influence of sound, although recent research has extended the range of media to include organic matter and the range of viewing has been extended to include the light microscope.2

The generic term for this field of science is the study of ‘modal phenomena, named ‘Cymatics’ by Hans Jenny, a Swiss medical doctor and a pioneer in this field. The word ‘Cymatics’ derives from the Greek ‘kuma’ meaning ‘billow’ or ‘wave,’ to describe the periodic effects that sound and vibration has on matter.

The apparatus employed can be simple, such as a Chladni Plate (a flat brass plate excited by a violin bow) or advanced such as the CymaScope, a laboratory instrument co-invented by English acoustics engineer, John Stuart Reid and American design engineer, Erik Larson, that makes visible the inherent geometries within sound and music.

Cymatics History

The provenance of Cymatics can be traced back at least 1000 years to African tribes who used the taut skin of drums sprinkled with small grains to divine future events. 3 The drum is one of oldest known musical instruments 4 and the effects of sand on a vibrating drumhead have probably been known for millennia.


Leonardo Da Vinci (b 1452 d 1519)

Leonardo Da Vinci noticed that vibrating a wooden table on which dust lay created various shapes.

‘I say then that when a table is struck in different places the dust that is upon it is reduced to various shapes of mounds and tiny hillocks. The dust descends from the hypotenuse of these hillocks, enters beneath their base and raises itself again around the axis of the point of the hillock.’ 5

Galileo Galilei (b 1564 d 1642)

Galileo Galilei described scraping a brass plate with a chisel and noticed a ‘long row of fine streaks, parallel and equidistant from one another,’ 6   presumably caused by the brass filings dancing on the surface of the plate and finding safe haven in a series of parallel nodal striations.

Robert Hooke (b 1635 d 1703)

Robert Hooke was an English scientist of Oxford University who made contributions to many scientific fields including mathematics, optics, mechanics and astronomy. Hook devised a simple apparatus in 1680 consisting of a glass plate covered with flour that he ‘played’ with a violin bow. It is not known whether Hooke had access to the notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci or Galileo Galilei or if he devised the apparatus independently.

Ernst Chladni (1756-1827) German musician and scientist, sometimes known as ‘the father of acoustics,’ almost certainly had access to Hooke’s work but it is Chladni who history has chosen to acknowledge for his major study of this class of phenomena.

He used a sand-strewn brass plate, excited by a violin bow; since brass is a highly resonant material he found that a large number of archetypal geometric patterns could be created, depending on where on the edge of the plate the bow was drawn. These patterns are now known as ‘Chladni Figures.’

Examples of square Chladni Figures (drawn by Mary D. Waller)

Chladni demonstrated this seemingly magical phenomenon all over Europe and even had an audience with Napoleon. The French leader was so impressed he sponsored a competition with The French Academy of Sciences to acquire a mathematical explanation of the sand patterns. Sophie Germain (1776-1831), a young French woman, won Napoleon’s 3,000 Franc prize in 1816. She wrote a mathematical explanation involving wave-like functions to describe how sound created the geometric patterns. The inference was that sound ‘waves’ * were responsible for creating areas of vibration and areas of stillness on the surface of the plate. It was believed that the crest of the sound ‘wave’s caused certain areas of the plate to vibrate while the corresponding troughs caused other areas to remain still. The sand gathered in the still areas. His pioneering book ‘Entdeckungen ber die Theorie des Klanges’ 7 (“Discoveries in the Theory of Sound”) was published in 1787 and is still considered an important milestone in launching the science of acoustics.

*The term ‘wave’ has historically been used to describe sound even though it is a misnomer since sound does not, in fact, travel in waves. Sound propagates spherically or in beams, depending upon frequency. For example, at frequencies audible to humans, 20 Hertz to 20,000 Hertz, the sonic envelope is almost perfectly spherical in its form whereas at frequencies audible to bats and dolphins, above 100,000 Hertz, sound propagates in searchlight-like beams, the beam angle being dependant on frequency. Higher frequencies cause a reduction in beam angle.

      Michael Faraday(b 1791 d 1867)

Michael Faraday the English chemist and physicist, studied what he termed ‘crispations’ between February and July 1831. His diary records many experiments in which he studied the effects of vibration on water, oil and fine grains. Faraday was fascinated by these phenomena and always sensible of good demonstrations to his audiences at the Royal Institution.

He wrote: “On putting a candle exactly below this plate and holding a screen of tracing paper an inch above it, the picture given was beautiful. Each heap [of sand] gave a ‘star’ of light at its focus which twinkled, i.e. appeared and disappeared with the heap continually as it rose and fell. At the corners a fainter light appeared, and then as the screen was nearer or farther lines of light in 2 or even 4 directions appeared (constant). This was exceedingly beautiful and easily rendered visible to a large audience.” 8

Faraday did not identify any potential applications for crispations and as far as is known never reopened his investigations in this field.

Lord Rayleigh

Lord Rayleigh, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, (b 1842 d 1919) was an English physicist and second Cavendish Professor of Physics at Cambridge University following James Clerk Maxwell. Rayleigh earned the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904, along with William Ramsay, for the discovery of the element argon. He also discovered surface waves in seismology, now known as Rayleigh waves.

His major treatise, ‘Theory of Sound,’ 9 in two volumes, includes a chapter on the ‘Vibrations of Plates’ and is still considered an important work. In it he explored modal phenomena in depth, now part of the emergent science of cymatics.

Margaret Watts-Hughes (b? d 1907) a Welsh woman, experimented with a device she invented in 1885 and named the ‘Eidophone.’ Her invention consisted of a wooden resonating chamber with an open end across which was stretched a rubber membrane, strewn with sand and other media. By singing into a tube that interfaced with the resonating chamber she was able to create ‘voice figures.’ It seems likely that she had been inspired by the work of Michael Faraday since she uses the term ‘crispations’ when discussing the patterns she observed. Like Faraday she was much taken with the beauty of the forms and in an article now accessible in the Cornell University Library wrote: ‘…I have gone on singing into shape these peculiar forms, and stepping out of doors, have seen their parallels in the flowers, ferns, and trees around me; and again, as I have watched the little heaps in the formation of the floral figures gather themselves up and then shoot out their petals, just as a flower springs from the swollen bud’ the hope has come to me that these humble experiments may afford some suggestions in regard to nature’s production of her own beautiful forms.’ She was able to take impressions of the voice figures by applying a coated glass plate onto the moist forms although it is not known what form the coating took.

Mary Desiree Waller (b d 1959)

Mary Desiree Waller was the daughter of a famous English physiologist, August D. Waller. Mary Waller became Professor of Physics at the Royal Free Hospital Medical School in London. She became fascinated by Chladni’s work and recreated all the forms he discovered, taking his work to a higher level. Her book ‘Chladni Figures, a Study in Symmetry’ 11 was published posthumously in 1961 and includes details of her novel method of exciting plates employing solid carbon dioxide chips. She approached the subject of Chladni Figures with scientific rigor and her work represents a rich resource for students of this branch of acoustics, including some of the mathematical equations that describe the phenomena.

Hans Jenny  (b 1904 d 1972)

Jenny is often called the ”Father of Cymatics.”

Hans Jenny  (b 1904 d 1972) was a Swiss medical doctor and scientist who studied visual sound intensively. Jenny published his first volume Kymatic, in 1967 12 and his second in 1972,13 the year he died. Jenny coined the word Kymatik, (‘cymatic’ in English) from the Greek ‘Kuma’ meaning ‘billow’ or ‘wave,’ to describe the periodic effects that sound and vibration has on matter.

 His two volumes are rich sources of cymatic imagery, which he observed and described in great detail, although leaving scientific and mathematical explanations to scientists who would come after him.

Jenny invented the ‘Tonoscope’ a device similar to Margaret Watts-Hughes’ Eidophone but including an electro-mechanical transducer to excite the membrane; he was also the first to suggest that such a device may one day assist deaf individuals to acquire speech.

Jenny also excited steel plates using piezo crystal elements driven by an electronic oscillator, devices not available to Margaret Watts-Hughes and other acoustic pioneers of the past. The piezo crystal transducers were able to excite the plates in a wide range of frequencies, including high audible frequencies, resulting in the formation of complex sand-pattern forms.

Alexander Lauterwasser

Alexander Lauterwasser is a German researcher and photographer basing his work on that of Hans Jenny. Lauterwasser is interested in the phenomenology and typography of the shapes formed by the effects of sound on water and in comparing the shapes with those that occur in nature, such as in the morphogenesis of creatures and the archetypal forms of inanimate matter. His 2002 book Wasser Klang Bilder (Water Sound Images)14 set new standards in cymatic imagery.

Thomas J. Mitchell (b 1938) is a Scottish musician who studied the ornately carved ceiling of Rosslyn Chapel for 27 years. Rosslyn Chapel, near Edinburgh, famous for its lavish carvings and its association with the Knights Templar, also contained a mystery in the form of four sections of arches containing cymatic-like designs carved into the faces of 215 rectilinear cubes.

 Mitchell discovered that the patterns related to musical notes, to be read in a specific order, postulating that the builders of the chapel had access to Chladni-style plate and bow technology and deliberately encoded the melody into the cubes.

 His son, Stuart Mitchell, orchestrated the music thus revealed, and named it ‘The Rosslyn Motet.’ It was played on traditional medieval musical instruments in the chapel in September 2006. Mitchell’ book ‘Rosslyn Chapel ‘ The Music of the Cubes’16 was also published in 2006.

Rosslyn Chapel’s ‘cymatic cubes’

Thomas.J.Mitchell & Stuart Mitchell

John Stuart Reid (b 1948) is an acoustics engineer who carried out cymatics research in the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid of Egypt in 1997. Reid published his research results in Egyptian Sonics 17 containing photographs of the cymatic patterns that formed on a PVC membrane he stretched over the sarcophagus. The experiment was designed to study the resonant behaviour of the granite from which the sarcophagus is fashioned. Since many of the images strongly resemble ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs Reid postulated that the inherent resonances of granite, when radiated as a complex sound field during crafting of the stone, might have influenced the development of hieroglyphic writing. Reid subsequently began experimenting with instrumentation that would enable an accurate visual equivalent of sound to be created from any audible sound, resulting in the invention of the CymaScope, a patented scientific instrument. Reid worked with American design engineer, Erik Larson to engineer the instrument to Pythagorean proportions.

 

Reid recognized that the wave model of sound is incomplete because it does not characterize the spherical space-form of audible sound.  CymaGlyph images, created on the CymaScope, are considered to be analogs of sound and music since the geometries they contain represent correlates of the musical pitches that caused the pattern to form on the instrument’s membrane.

 

One of the many potential applications being explored for the CymaScope is the decipherment of dolphin language in collaboration with SpeakDolphin.com, a Florida-based organization formed for this purpose.

John Stuart Reid

Reid with the Cymascope

Notes:

1,2. John Stuart Reid

3. Encyclopedia of Religion Volume 4. Eliade, Mircea (Editor)

Mc Millan Free Press.

4. The History of Musical Instruments. Sachs, Curt. W.W. Norton & Co. New York.

5. Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci. Mac Curdy, E. 1938. Jonathan Cape, London.

6. Traite de Physique. Biot, J.B. 1816. Deterville, Paris.

7. Entdeckungen uber die Theory des Klanges. (“Discoveries in the Theory of Sound”) Chladni, Ernst F. 1787.

8. Faraday, the Life. Hamilton, James. HarperCollins.

9. Theory of Sound (Two Volumes) Strutt, John W. (Lord Rayleigh) 1877 and 1878

10. The Eidophone Voice Figures. Borderland Sciences Research Foundation.

11. Chladni Figures, A Study in Symmetry. Waller, Mary D. 1961 G. Bell & Sons.

12. Cymatics (Volume 1) Jenny, Hans. 1967, Basilius Press.

13. Cymatics (Volume 2) Jenny, Hans. 1974, Basilius Press.

14. Wasser Klang Bilder. Lauterwasser, A., A T Verlag, Switzerland.

English Edition: Water Sound Images. MACROmedia Publishing.

15. Water Klank Beelden, Boerman, R. Ankh-Hermes bv.

16. Rosslyn Chapel, The Music of the Cubes. Mitchell, Thomas A. Diversions.

17. Egyptian Sonics. Reid, John S. Sonic Age.

source: http://www.cymascope.com/cyma_research/history.html

Russ Gries and Open Source Research

September 15, 2012 1 comment

RWGresearch is run by Russ Gries, and continues to function through his YouTube page, with feedback and input from his YouTube subscribers on YouTube and his forum at OPEN-SOURCE-ENERGY.org.

Here you will find the most important work Russ has done.  Russ truly believes in sharing results, and working as a team with his subscribers,  so please contribute anything you think is valuable.   You can help by contributing you resources, wither that’s PayPal donations, material resources, or just coming over to the forums and giving your thoughts on the projects. Russ needs all the help he can get.

Russ donates a large portion of his free time, so if you enjoy his work and want him to continue please help him out!   The video’s he provides are not only entertaining, they’re valuable to mankind as a whole and for the public to take back the choice of how and where we produce energy. Russ dose broadcast his work live occasionally on Justin.tv

Here you will find his open projects not listed in any particular order.

The project he’s working on right now is Stanley Meyers EPG System.

Below is a list of all projects:

A Note From Russ Gries: Use Your Resources

On this page you will find a couple of my videos showing what can be done with your available resources alone.

For example, I built a complete working electric motorcycle that I call VoltZilla.

The entire project  was done with my available resources. After scraping an available fork truck for the electrical parts, I had enough money to buy the parts I needed to build an electric motorcycle.  I actually came out ahead.  You can see ‘VoltZilla on my project pages.

On the bottom of this page are some of the videos that I have made to show others  how they can find resources all around them.

For example, did you know that the old CRT TV’s and computer monitors people are throwing out every day have a lot of good magnet wire in them? There is good electronics that can be used as well.

In fact all the coils I have built on my coil testing page are from recycled magnet wire. I did not spend any money of any of those projects. Actually almost all my projects you see on my project pages I did not spend any money on. It’s all from recycled parts!

You may ask yourself, how much time did to take to get all of those recycled parts? The answer is a lot! But the point is that you don’t need money to start with your own testing on these projects! Sure, there will be times when you will need to order parts, but if you can recycle parts for scrap, then you have money to order parts!

I’m at the point now where I do need your donations in order to further this research. However I am still using my resources wisely and only buying the things I can not salvage from other places.   So if you can, go donate by clicking the donate button below.   You can also donate parts or martial to help.   View the parts list for items needed for my research.  If you can’t do either or, please come over to the forums and give your input on these projects!!! WE THE PEOPLE as a WHOLE working TOGETHER is the only way this is going to get done!   So please contribute where you can!

If you have videos of ways to use your resources, please email me the link here, rwg42985@aol.com

If it fits i will add the video here on this page.
Thanks and enjoy the videos below!

Below is the last video in the series “Heavy Trash Day Experiment”, see all 5 days on my you tube channel, rwg42985

All of the material here has been pulled off his website here: http://rwgresearch.com (where theres so much more information on Russ Gries and RWGresearch so definitely check him out)

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